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Construction management (CM) is a professional service that uses techno-scientific, project management techniques to manage the planning, design, and construction of a project, from its beginning to its end. Read to know more about the construction management career and job opportunities for the engineers.
Construction Project Management (CPM) is the overall planning, coordination, and control of a project from beginning to completion. CPM is directed at meeting a client’s requirements in order to produce a functionally and economically viable project.
Why Construction Management as a Career Option?
A construction manager holds the same responsibilities and performs the same processes in each sector. A construction manager can be distinguished on the basis of his knowledge of the construction site. This may include different types of equipment, building construction techniques, materials, subcontractors, and possible locations.
Construction management is also called as a Construction Project Management. The place of work is called the construction industry and it is composed of five sectors- residential, commercial, heavy civil, industrial, and environmental.
The construction industry is comprised of five sectors:
- Heavy Civil Engineering
The Scope of Construction Management
- The main purpose of CM is to control project time, cost, and quality. CM is compatible with all project delivery systems.
- To serve the clients best interest first and also is an owner’s representatives
- Reduce overall project costs, contract negotiation, reducing change orders, orders reduction in time, and elimination of unnecessary scope and cost.
- Advising the team for best results
- Enhance quality control to reduce the potential for defects and poor workmanship.
- Provide realistic and reliable budgets and protecting the Owner from unnecessary liability.
- Optimize and accelerate the design and construction schedule.
- Provide cost-effective document controls,
- Protect the Owner from unnecessary liability.
- Provide management expertise, applying resources wherever needed
The Functions of Construction Management
The main Six functions of the Construction Management typically include the following;
- Project Management Planning: Defining project objectives and plans including a description of the scope, budgeting, scheduling, setting performance requirements, and selecting project participants. Project managers must define workers’ tasks, and estimate the duration of each activity. This information is necessary when planning out a project thoroughly. Without a great construction plan, it is challenging to develop a budget and work schedule.
- Cost Management: Understanding the costs of a project is a necessary part of managing construction. Project managers use the budget to determine the total costs and returns expected from a particular project. Understanding one’s budget can help build the payment table. Project managers use the budget and plan to determine when steps are complete. Sometimes project managers request payment at the completion of each step. Maximizing resource efficiency through the procurement of labor, materials, and equipment.
- Time Management: The ability to use time wisely and efficiently is an important skill needed for someone in construction management and is the reason that it is considered one of the key functions of construction management.
- Quality Management: Construction management will need to analyze their work practices to see if they are up to par, determine if the material used is standard quality, and ensure that the finished product is protected from any potential harm or damage that may come to it. Without quality management, it is harder to win bids from other
- Contract Administration: The management team completes the project to contract, and can ensure this by using the original contract documents, and analyzing and observing the overall progress of the construction project.
- Safety Management: In order to safely start a project, a manager must first plan ahead and determine all the potential safety hazards for each job. By implementing safety protocols such as personal protective equipment and zoning, managers can prevent injury to both workers and bystanders.
Construction manager needs to implement various operations through proper coordination and control of planning, design, estimating, contracting, and construction in the entire process. and by developing effective communications and mechanisms for resolving conflicts.
Qualifications Required for Construction Manager
Although there are various ways to enter this occupation, it is becoming increasingly important for construction managers to have a bachelor’s degree in Civil engineering, construction science, CM, architecture, or engineering.
As construction processes become more complex, employers are placing greater importance on specialized education.
Various colleges and universities offer accredited bachelor’s degree programs in construction science, building science, or construction engineering.
These programs include courses in project control and management, design, construction methods and materials, cost estimation, building codes and standards, and contract administration. Courses in mathematics and statistics are also relevant.
In India, 15 plus colleges offer construction management or construction technology programs. An associate’s degree combined with work experience is typical for managers who supervise smaller projects. Also, few universities offer master’s degree programs in management in construction.
Jobseekers with a university degree and diploma in engineering with relevant work experience may qualify to become a construction manager, although most are qualified to become self-employed general contractors. You can find various job opportunities in a construction management career.
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Responsibilities of a Construction Manager
The Construction Management Association of America (a US certification and advocacy body) says the 120 most common responsibilities of a Manager fall into the following 7 categories Construction:
- Project Management Planning
- Cost Management
- Time Management
- Quality Management
- Contract Administration
- Safety Management
- CM Professional Practices.
Construction Manager Salary
Bureau of Labor Statistics has set the average salary of a construction manager is about $92,260 per year In the USA.
All over the world, the demand for construction managers is expected to grow by 20 times in the next ten years. In India, a construction manager can expect a minimum salary of INR 10 Lakh per annum. (source: payscale)
Read To Know Books on CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
Construction Manager Job Outlook 2020
The demand for qualified construction managers are increasing all over the worlds;
United State of America (USA) construction project management demand
In the United States, employment of construction managers is projected to grow 10 percent from 2018 to 2028, faster than the average for all occupations.
Construction managers are expected to be needed to oversee the anticipated increase in construction activity over the coming decade. Those with a bachelor’s degree in construction science, construction management, or civil engineering, coupled with construction experience, will have the best job prospects.
Australia construction project management demand
In Australia, the number of people working as Construction Managers (in their main job) grew very strongly over the past 5 years and is expected to grow strongly over the next 5 years: from 100,900 in 2018 to 114,300 by 2023.
Job openings can come from new jobs being created, but most come from turnover (workers leaving).
There are likely to be around 54,000 job openings for over 5 years.
India construction project management demand
The demand for Construction managers continuously increasing every year, thousands of construction managers are hired by the various construction and infrastructure companies in India.
“India will need 70 lakh, skilled project managers, in the next 10 years in order to avoid delays and escalation of budgets in projects in key industries like roads, railways, IT and manufacturing,” said PMI India, Country Director Raj Kalady.
Canada construction project management demand
In Canada, the demand for Construction managers, over the period 2019-2028, new job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are expected to total 28,000, while 31,100 new job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) are expected to be available to fill them.
United Kingdom construction project management demand
As the private homebuilding sector continues to grow in the UK, the Construction Skills Network (CSN) predicts that there will be an increasing number of construction project managers needed between 2017 and 2021.
A global Demand for Construction Project Manager
The Project Management Institute’s (PMI) latest report has identified a rocketing global demand for project management talent across a number of project-oriented sectors, including construction.
Across all the countries analyzed, which includes the five we’ve looked at here, the report predicts more project manager positions in the manufacturing and construction sectors than any other – 9.7 million to be exact.
While many of these will become available as large numbers of project managers approach retirement, but there are also predicted to be a high volume of newly-created positions.
The Job Profiles In Construction Management
Construction Management (CM) is a career that utilizes unique, project management methods to manage the planning, design, and development of a project, from its start to its end. The purpose of Construction Management is controlling a project’s time, cost and quality
Expert construction managers may be reserved for lengthy, large-scale, high budget undertakings (commercial real estate, transportation infrastructure, industrial facilities, and military infrastructure), called capital projects.
Construction Project Management (CM) is a professional service that uses specialized, project management techniques to manage the planning, design, and construction of a project, from its beginning to its end.
Professional construction managers may be kept for lengthy, large-scale, high budget undertakings (commercial real estate, transportation infrastructure, industrial facilities, and military infrastructure), called principal projects.
A construction manager plays an essential role in ensuring that construction projects go smoothly from start to finish. He or she will need to manage a group of construction workers and assure that they are operating equipment in a safe manner. It is also essential that they understand how to keep a construction project under budget at all times.
Construction Project Management is the overall planning, coordination, and control of a project from beginning to completion. A construction manager holds the same responsibilities and completes the same processes in residential, commercial, heavy civil, industrial, and environmental sectors.
Learn More About How to Build a Rock-Solid Foundation For Your Dream Life
In a typical construction company following are the major job profiles are available for construction professionals.
- Project Manager
- Construction Manager
- Design Manager
- Project Co-ordinator
- Planning Engineer
- Design Engineer
- Field Engineer
- Project Engineer
- Quantity Surveyor
- Project Document Controller
- Scheduler / Scheduling Engineer
Construction management involves planning, organizing, and managing and successful construction of all aspects of a construction project. Proper management of a construction project from the initial step to the final completion step.
CM refers to all the aspects like, planning, managing, and organizing all the works that are needed to construct a foundation.
It is taking control of a project from it’s initial inception to its final completion stages. Construction managers deal with the overall coordination, planning, budgeting, and timing as well.
The construction industry has been changing for the last few years with the origin of more technology being utilized. A lot of construction software has made it easier for construction managers to perform their jobs more efficiently and precisely.