Environment, Health and Safety (EHS or HSE)
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Environment, Health and Safety (EHS or HSE) | Career Opportunities and Courses

Last Updated on April 18, 2023 by Admin

Environment (E), health (H), and safety (S) (together EHS) is a discipline and specialty that studies and implements practical aspects of environmental protection and safety at work. In simple terms, it is what organizations must do to make sure that their activities do not cause harm to anyone. We have discussed here what is the environment health, and safety (EHS or HSE)?  and various career opportunities and courses to learn HSE or EHS management.

Health, safety, and environment departments are generally responsible for two objectives: prevention of all incidents and accidents that can result from abnormal operating conditions. reduction of adverse effects that may result from normal operating conditions


The different combinations only shuffle the position of the letters but represent the same thing. Different organizations pick a different form of representation: HSE, HES, SHE, EHS. Hence, there is no difference between HSE, EHS, and SHE, they all represent the same thing.

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Environment, Health, and Safety at Construction Sites

EHS is involved in the prevention of different hazards experienced in the workplace. These include; Occupational physical hazards, Occupational electrical hazards.

Construction sites are dynamic activities where workers engage in many activities that may expose them to a variety of safety hazards, such as falling objects, working from rooftops or scaffolding, exposure to heavy construction equipment, or the use of temporary electrical circuits while operating electrical equipment and machinery in damp locations.

Through the implementation of safe work practices, training, and compliance with central, state, and local regulatory requirements, the workplace safety program aims to identify, control, or eliminate construction-related hazards.

Consider the shocking fact that 60,000 people worldwide die on construction sites every year and there are 475 work-related accidents a minute. Hardly surprising, then, that accidents, illness, and deaths cost a business over £2 trillion annually.

Construction sites are high-risk working environments. Employees are expected to work at great heights with heavy machinery and potentially dangerous building materials. It’s crucial that health and safety regulations are closely followed to reduce the chance of injury and protect the lives of workers.

EHS General Categories

EHS guidelines cover categories specific to each industry as well as those that are general to most industry sectors. Examples of general categories and subcategories are:

1. Environmental
  • Air emissions and ambient air quality
  • Energy conservation
  • Wastewater and ambient water quality
  • Water conservation
  • Hazardous materials management
  • Waste management
  • Noise
  • Contaminated land
2. Occupational health and safety
  • General facility design and operation
  • Communication and training
  • Physical hazards
  • Chemical hazards
  • Biological hazards
  • Radiological hazards BG
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • Special hazard environments
  • Monitoring
3. Community health and safety
  • Water quality and availability
  • Structural safety of project infrastructure
  • Life and fire safety (L&FS)
  • Traffic safety
  • Transport of hazardous materials
  • Disease prevention
  • Emergency preparedness and response
4. Construction and decommissioning
  • Environment
  • Occupational health and safety
  • Community health and safety


Career Opportunity Environment Health & Safety 

An environmental health and safety professional is a specialist who protects the health and safety of the environment, workforce, and general public by setting and enforcing regulations.

In an EHS role, you will assist a variety of organizations in adhering to standards of the workplace and public protection. In this article, we discuss what an EHS professional does and share the steps for becoming one.

EHS professionals typically work for themselves or government/private agencies at the central, state, and local levels. EHS professionals who specialize in the environment usually work for state and national park services, or federal organizations like the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

General health and safety professionals work for Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and other government bodies.

Because their job is to enforce regulations at various sites, they travel often. They are also frequently in stressful or even risky situations as they determine the level of safety on job sites. Their workdays are spent in not only offices but mines, factories, and on construction sites.

Education for Health and Safety Engineers

Entry-level jobs for health and safety engineers require a bachelor’s degree, typically in environmental health and safety or in an engineering discipline, such as electrical, chemical, mechanical, industrial, or systems engineering.

Bachelor’s degree programs typically include classroom, laboratory, and field studies in applied engineering. Engineering students interested in becoming health and safety engineers also should take courses in occupational safety and health, industrial hygiene, ergonomics, or environmental safety.


Many colleges and universities offer cooperative-education programs, which allow students to gain practical experience while completing their education.

A few colleges and universities offer 5-year accelerated programs through which students graduate with both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree. A master’s degree allows engineers to enter the occupation at a higher level, from which they can develop and implement safety systems.

What Health and Safety Engineers Do?

These guys are the dynamic detectives of the health and safety world. They inspect factories and assess and evaluate how their health and safety procedures are managed. They will often inform manufacturing companies before they turn up and conduct their inspection. However, sometimes they will rock up without any prior notice.

The HSE is an official regulatory authority, which has the power to take decisive enforcement actions if a company is flouting health and safety laws. They may even have the power to stop a factory’s production.

However, they will normally just provide a consultancy service to companies, providing advice and guidance on how they can improve their health and safety measures.

In order to avoid getting into trouble with the HSE, many larger manufacturing and production companies employ their own health and safety advisors or utilize the services of independent health and safety consultants. These guys will promote health and safety within the organization, implement safety procedures, procure protective clothing, and monitor how effective the current precautionary measures are.

These people will also record incidents, carry out their own inspections, and train employees on how to work more safely. They will also stay on the ball with regards to changes in health and safety law and adapt their company’s practices in accordance with any developments.

You don’t necessarily need a degree to work in this area; however, you can now do a top-up degree in occupational health and safety! If you’re mad keen on this line of work, this is definitely something that will give you an edge over other candidates.

Health and safety engineers develop procedures and design systems to protect people from illness and injury and property from damage. They combine knowledge of engineering and of health and safety to make sure that chemicals, machinery, software, furniture, and other products will not cause harm to people or damage to property.

Duties of Health and Safety Engineers

Health and safety engineers typically do the following:

  • Maintain and apply knowledge of current health and safety policies, regulations, and industrial processes
  • Review plans and specifications for new machinery and equipment to make sure that they meet safety requirements
  • Identify and correct potential hazards by inspecting facilities, machinery, and safety equipment
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of various industrial control mechanisms
  • Ensure that buildings or products comply with health and safety regulations, especially after an inspection that required changes
  • Install safety devices on machinery or direct the installation of these devices
  • Review employee safety programs and recommend improvements

Health and safety engineers also investigate industrial accidents and injuries to determine their causes and to determine whether the incidents were avoidable or can be prevented in the future. They interview employers and employees to learn about work environments and incidents that lead to accidents or injuries. They also evaluate the corrections that were made to remedy violations found during health inspections.

Careers Related to Health and Safety Engineers

Health and safety engineering is a broad field covering many activities. The following are examples of types of health and safety engineers:


Construction and Building Inspectors

Construction and building inspectors ensure that construction meets local and national building codes and ordinances, zoning regulations, and contract specifications.

Fire Inspectors

Fire inspectors examine buildings in order to detect fire hazards and ensure that federal, state, and local fire codes are met. Fire investigators, another type of worker in this field, determine the origin and cause of fires and explosions. Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists assess outdoor fire hazards in public and residential areas.

Industrial Engineers

Industrial engineers find ways to eliminate wastefulness in production processes. They devise efficient systems that integrate workers, machines, materials, information, and energy to make a product or provide a service.

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Mining and Geological Engineers

Mining and geological engineers design mines to safely and efficiently remove minerals such as coal and metals for use in manufacturing and utilities.

Occupational Health and Safety Specialists and Technicians

Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians collect data on and analyze many types of work environments and work procedures. Specialists inspect workplaces for adherence to regulations on safety, health, and the environment. Technicians work with specialists in conducting tests and measuring hazards to help prevent harm to workers, property, the environment, and the general public.

Fire prevention and protection engineers

conduct analyses and make recommendations regarding the potential fire hazards of buildings, materials, and transportation systems. They also design, install, and maintain fire prevention and suppression systems and inspect systems to ensure that they meet government safety regulations. Fire prevention and protection engineers must be licensed and must keep up with changes in fire codes and regulations.

Product safety engineers

sometimes called product compliance engineers, develop and conduct tests to make sure that various products are safe and comply with industry or government safety regulations. These engineers work on a wide range of products, from nuclear submarine reactors and robotics to cell phones and computer systems.

Systems safety engineers

identify and analyze risks and hazards associated with system designs in order to make them safe while ensuring that the systems remain operational and effective. They work in many fields, including aerospace, and are moving into new fields, such as software safety, medical safety, and environmental safety.

Following are the various job titles in the Environment, Health and Safety Domain;

    • Occupational Safety and Health Specialist
    • Safety Engineer
    • Safety Consultant
    • Coordinator of Loss Control
    • Safety Manager
    • Risk Manager
    • Loss Control Manager
    • Environmental Engineer
    • Safety Director
    • Vice President of Safety and Health
    • Hazard Control Specialist
    • Environmental Safety Engineer
    • Injury Prevention Specialist
    • Corporate Safety Director
    • Safety Compliance Officer
    • Safety & Training Specialist
    • Product Safety Engineer
    • Risk Control Specialist

valuable certifications to boost your EHS Career


National Examination Board in Occupational Safety and Health provides the general certificate course in OSH in as many as 120 different countries with over fifty thousand candidates undertaking the course, annually.

With international as well as regulatory recognition from esteemed professional bodies, this general certificate in OSH covers the principal methodology as proposed under the “Plan-Do-Check-Act” and of safety-related to fire, chemicals, electrical as well as workplace, musculoskeletal, transport, work equipment hazards, and risk control.


The Institution of Occupational Safety and Health (IOSH) offers courses in managing and working safely for their audiences and either of these two courses is undertaken by as many as 179,000 people from all across the world.

Both the certificate programs are open to professionals, safety managers, and supervisors who wish to understand and gather useful OSH insights that are applied in modern-day industries and organizations.

3) OSHA affiliated certificate programs

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is the federal body in the U.S that looks after and governs OSH. These certificate programs are strictly compliant with the defined standards within the U.S, however, due to the overarching application of OHS principles and the spread of multinationals across the world now, these certificates have grown in importance through the application.

4) IRCA (OHS, Lead Auditor training)

International Register of Certificated Auditors (IRCA) is the original body that was established in 1919 and subsequently over the course of time has come to be known as the Chartered Quality Institute due to the granting of a royal charter.

This certification course is for the personnel who go onto audit organizations for the OH&S management systems under the OHSAS 18001 certification. It is recommended to have a basic OHS background which in turn would enable them to grasp the subject matter.


International Environment Management and Assessment is the largest body of environmental practitioners in the U.K. The key driver for this body is to provide organizations with a way to manage their systems in accordance with the best environment and sustainability practices.

To become an ecological systems management auditor, a closed written exam is followed by continuous assessment. Again, a basic background in OHS would be necessary, however, this certificate enables the candidate to develop a skill-based ability to audit for environmental management systems.

To summarize the importance of these certificates, they can not only enable you to diversify your skills and add another level of professional certification to your credentials. But, they can also provide traction to careers that are struggling to base themselves firmly which can be due to several reasons.

EHS Online Courses 

1. Health and Safety Courses – Allison

Free online health and safety courses have got you covered on workplace safety, food safety, or construction site safety. They have classes that can teach you about back care and the theories of manual handling, which are useful not just for work but also at home.

Want to learn more about the principles of occupational health and safety management systems? How about the effective prevention and management of safety hazards in the classroom? Ensuring workplace health and safety can be easily achieved with Alison’s free online health and safety courses.

Enroll for Free

2. Health & Safety Courses

Learn about health and safety and more from the best universities and institutions around the world.

Enroll for Free

3. Health and Safety

Including first aid, fire safety, COSHH, and manual handling courses

Embracing health and safety within the workplace is essential to running an effective and efficient business, and keeping your employees safe from potential risks.

From first aid and mental health to manual handling and fire safety, our health and safety course catalog has been developed for all industries, whether public or private sector, small or large global organizations.

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4. EHS Online Courses on Udemy

Kindly check the various health and safety courses and enroll online.

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