Last Updated on June 13, 2021 by Admin
Construction planning and scheduling
Construction planning and scheduling are critical in integrating all your construction activities and phases needed to complete a given construction project at a given budget and time frame. Although having individual functions, planning and scheduling are inseparable when it comes to successful project management.
Construction planning essentially covers choosing relevant policies, procedures, and processes to achieve your project goals. Construction scheduling adapts your construction project action plans for scope, time, cost, and quality into a functioning calendar.
This process of adapting the project specifications, including requirements for resources (labor, equipment, construction materials, etc.), communications, risks, and procurement into an operational workflow system, is critical for your project team.
With your project plan and budget, your schedule becomes your central tool for managing your projects, and additionally, having integrated or coordinated cost-time schedule functions as your foundation for monitoring and controlling activities throughout your project’s life cycle.
Why construction planning and scheduling are important
Proper construction planning and scheduling are essential in ensuring that your construction project gets completed on time and within budget. A thoroughly planned construction schedule not only outlines the pace of your work but it dictates how your work gets done.
It also helps define your processes, methods, and sequences for when materials are put in place. Preparing your construction schedule meticulously and ahead of time maximizes your efficiency and productivity. In addition, as your construction schedule allows you to improve your quality control measures, it is effortless to sequence work.
It ensures you have the correct quality and quantity of materials used in each step.
Materials and resources procurement is on track as you can use your schedule to purchase the suitable materials exactly when you need them.
In addition, safety performance is improved as you use your plan to track which worker is on-site and make sure that protection guidelines are correctly followed.
Having a reliable construction schedule also allows you to allocate your time better among all your project stakeholders, which helps them plan their activities better. By getting total control of your project, you reduce unpleasant surprises, making it easy to avoid cost overruns and delays.
Preparing a construction schedule that is both specific and put together ahead of time ensures efficiency and productivity. Construction scheduling allows you and the project team to control quality measures and manage resource allocation in each phase of construction.
Time is money; a reliable schedule allows each party to allocate time to all activities to avoid delays and cost overruns.
What is construction planning?
Construction planning is essential in managing and executing your construction projects. It involves selecting the technology, defining the work tasks, estimating the required resources and extent of individual studies, and identifying possible interactions and workflows among different activities.
An efficient construction plan is fundamental in setting your budget and schedule for the entire work needed. Therefore, creating and developing the construction plan is a highly challenging and critical task in construction management.
You have to develop the technical aspects. Then, on top of that, you have to make organizational decisions about relationships between project stakeholders and even the subcontractors you will have to include.
In basic terms, construction planning is how construction managers decide how they will manage and execute a construction project. Construction planning is a broad term that encompasses several processes. For instance, selecting technologies, defining work tasks, estimating the necessary resources, and producing building plans all fall under the umbrella of construction planning.
As a construction manager, you’ve got a million things to do and a whole crew of people relying on you to get things right. If you want to be successful on a project, you’ve got to be a master planner. But what exactly is construction planning, and what does a successful construction planning process look like?
Typically, construction planning consists of the following five steps:
- Creating the Project– Creating the initial document that lays out details such as the people, resources, and budget needed for a project.
- Drafting an Initial Plan– Setting concrete and specific goals for the project.
- Executing the Plan– Sharing the plan with all invested parties, ensuring that everyone is on the same page, setting expectations, and assigning project managers to oversee construction progress.
- Tracking Performance– Remaining contact with project managers and collecting data on key performance indicators, such as objectives, performance, and quality.
- Closing Out the Project and Evaluating Success– Use data to evaluate performance and determine areas of improvement for future projects.
What is Construction Scheduling?
Once a construction plan is in place, project managers can move onto the process of scheduling. Construction scheduling details how a project can be completed in the given time frame and within the set budget. A construction schedule is similar to a contractor’s bid as it estimates project costs and timelines.
Construction schedules require the contractor to think critically about how they will complete a project, with factors such as design, permitting, cost, and time is all taken into account. When construction scheduling is executed correctly, it helps with managing materials, labor, and construction equipment. It also allows for adjustments to the construction plan if issues pop up during the building process.
A construction project schedule is either a written or graphical representation of how the project is completed or constructed. When I say written, it could be a written narrative. It could be a description. It could be depicted as a bar chart schedule or a CPM schedule.
A construction schedule is analogous to a contractor’s bid. Just as a contractor’s bid estimates the cost that it expects to spend to build the project, the schedule represents an estimate of the time required to construct the project.
A construction schedule includes:
- Project deliverables
- Resource management
- Asset allocations
- Tasks required to finish construction
- Dependencies between different tasks
- Construction deadlines and task durations
- Budget and costing of involved parts
Project managers periodically assess construction schedules to ensure that the construction is going as planned and completed within the set timeframe.
Even though creating a construction schedule can be time-consuming, it can significantly help you avoid issues, give you a sense of direction, and enable you to manage project resources.
Why Do We Need Project Schedules?
Increasingly, over the last 15 or 20 years, construction owners have required that contractors prepare schedules during the construction project. There are two primary reasons for this trend.
First, as projects become more complex and have tighter budgets, we need schedules to help us manage our construction projects.
As a construction project management tool, a schedule enables the project participants (not just the owner, the contractor, the engineer, or the architect) to understand the plan for completion. In addition, it allows the parties to coordinate all the elements of the work.
To some degree, this trend has also been driven by litigation. Time is money. Every day a construction project is delayed, either the owner and both the owner and contractor will incur additional costs to support that project. Therefore, we need a way to measure to what extent the project is delayed.
The schedule allows us to identify not just what the work is but also the responsibilities of each party and the party responsible for each activity.
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It allows us to track performance. Ultimately, having a reasonably accurate schedule, be that a bar chart or a CPM schedule will also enable the project participants to identify and resolve project delay as it occurs.
The last thing you want to do is ignore time-related issues during the project and have the parties kick the can down the road. This will often result in a claim being submitted because time wasn’t resolved, the project finished late, and the parties can’t agree on the cause of the delay. This can and often does result in unnecessary money spent in litigation.
That is not a recipe for success on construction projects. We want to finish projects on time and within budget. A way to do that is to address delay as it occurs during the project.
This is what you need to know about construction planning and scheduling. To be successful with your construction projects, careful planning is needed to create a schedule that will allow you to deliver your projects on time and within budget.
Construction planning and scheduling take a lot of time to develop and implement, but the time you will save during the actual work will be more than the time you spent creating your plan and schedule.