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Project Management Career: A Complete Guide for 2024

Last Updated on February 14, 2024 by Admin

An ultimate project management career guide for engineers. Project manager’s role, responsibilities, job titles, salary details, and project manager jobs in 2024. Read more to know about the project management career path.


What is Project Management (PM)?

Project management is leading a team to achieve goals and meet success criteria at a specified time. PM as a practice is now seen as a strategic competency, a career path, and a worthwhile investment for training and education. The primary challenge of PM is to accomplish all project goals within the given constraints.

Project Management Definition

PMI defined “Project management as applying knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet the requirements.”


Why Project Management?

Project Management is crucial for several reasons across various industries and disciplines:

  • Organization and Planning: It brings structure and order to complex projects, breaking them down into manageable tasks and stages. Good project management ensures that these tasks are completed on time and within budget.
  • Resource Allocation: It helps in the efficient use of resources, including time, money, and human resources, ensuring that each is utilized effectively to maximize productivity.
  • Risk Management: Project management identifies potential risks and problems before they occur, allowing for proactive mitigation and contingency planning.
  • Quality Control: It maintains standards of quality throughout the project’s lifecycle, ensuring that the outcomes meet or exceed stakeholder expectations.
  • Communication: Project management facilitates clear communication among all stakeholders, including team members, clients, and suppliers, which is essential for coordination and successful project execution.
  • Achieving Strategic Goals: It aligns project goals with the strategic objectives of an organization, ensuring that every project contributes to the broader mission and vision.
  • Customer Satisfaction: By delivering projects on time, within budget, and to the required quality standard, project management helps in achieving customer or stakeholder satisfaction, which is vital for business success and reputation.
  • Change Management: It allows for flexibility and adaptability, enabling teams to respond to changes without derailing the project, whether these changes come from within the organization or from external factors.
  • Documentation and Learning: Proper project management ensures that there is a trail of documentation that can be referred to in the future. This not only provides legal protection but also aids in learning from past projects to improve future ones.
  • Competitive Advantage: Organizations that excel in project management can often outperform competitors by bringing innovative products and services to market more efficiently and reliably.

Project management is essential for delivering successful projects. It enables organizations to be more predictable in their project outcomes, which is critical in today’s fast-paced and competitive business environment.

The most important benefits of project management are;

  • Clear Focus and Objectives
  • Quality Control
  • Control Costs
  • Managing Quality
  • Risk Management
  • Consistent communication
  • Effective resource allocation
  • Higher productivity
  • Improved customer satisfaction
  • More flexibility:
  • Higher risk tolerance
  • Improved morale
  • Better planning
  • Quality control
  • Learning by Experiences

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Project Management Principles?

A principle can be defined as an underlying fundamental law or concept. Therefore, project management principles are the basic rules that should be followed to manage projects successfully.

The Project Management Book of Knowledge (PMBOK) does not currently contain an official list of principles for successful projects. However, PMI’s annual pulse survey can help highlight what successful project managers and companies are following. Here are the nine principles of project management:

  1. Formal project management structure
  2. Invested and engaged project sponsor
  3. Clear and objective goals and outcomes
  4. Documented roles and responsibilities
  5. Strong change management
  6. Risk management
  7. Mature value delivery capabilities
  8. Performance management baseline
  9. Communication plan

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What are the types of project management or project management methodologies?

Project management methodologies ultimately accomplish the same thing — a completed project — but with different approaches and journeys. While there are numerous PM types, seven primary ones are used most often.

1. Waterfall Project Management

2. Agile Project Management

3. Scrum Project Management

4. Kanban Project Management

5. Lean Project Management


6. Six Sigma Project Management

7. PRINCE2 Project Management

Project Management Objectives?

Project objectives are goals, plain and simple. These are the business objectives that you want the project to accomplish. Within PM, it is of utmost importance that a project’s objectives are stated clearly as these will impact every decision in the project lifecycle.

In brief, project management objectives are the successful development of the project’s procedures of initiation, planning, execution, regulation, and closure, as well as the guidance of the project team’s operations towards achieving all the agreed-upon goals within the set scope, time, quality and budget standards.

While preparing the project, look the project into the following perspectives. It helps to give a much better understanding of the whole process.

  • The successful development and implementation of all project procedures
  • Productive guidance, efficient communication, and qualified supervision of the project’s team.
  • The achievement of the project’s main goal within the given constraints. The most
  • Optimization of the necessary allocated inputs
  • Production of a complete project which follows the client’s exclusive needs and objectives.
  • How does the project fit into the organization?
  • How will the project evolve?
  • What skills are required to manage the project successfully?

What Are Project Management Techniques?

Project management techniques have helped change the way project managers tackle different projects. Using a specific method can help you finish a task more easily. Here are nine project management techniques to help any project manager complete their next project.

Project management techniques make managing projects more accessible and more effective. And used in tandem with PM software, they help save time and reduce costs. They can be applied to any project, regardless of the field or industry.

There are many techniques to choose from. The best that every project manager should know is to control their projects and steer them to successful ends.

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What Is Project Management Body Of Knowledge (PMBOK)?

PMBOK stands for Project Management Body of Knowledge. It is the entire collection of processes, best practices, terminologies, and guidelines accepted as standards within the project management industry.

Because the body of knowledge is constantly growing as practitioners discover new methods or best practices, it must be updated and disseminated.


This effort is overseen by the Project Management Institute (PMI), the global not-for-profit member association of PM professionals that captures and publishes the PMBOK within the book, A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide).

The first edition of the PMBOK Guide was published in 1996. It is now in its sixth edition, which was published in 2017.

A guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK guide) 

buy now on amazon

What Is a Project Management Network Diagram?

A Project Network diagram is one of the many ways to represent the project schedule. It is the most powerful way to analyze logical relationships between activities and milestones.

project management gantt chart
Image: Gantt Chart

These are used for developing a project management schedule and are also called Project Schedule Network Diagrams or Logical Network Diagrams.

Some of the other popular methods to represent the project schedule are:

  • Bar Charts (popularly known as Gantt Charts)
  • Milestone Charts
  • Project Calendars

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Project Manager Vs. Product Manager

Product managers drive the development of products. They prioritize initiatives and make strategic decisions about what gets built. They are often considered to be the CEO of a product line. On the other hand, project managers often oversee the execution of plans that have already been developed and approved.

It’s common for people to confuse product managers and project managers, even within industries, like software, that employ both. Just ask any product manager (PM) or project manager (also PM), and they’ll tell you they’ve been referred to like the other more times than they can count. But the responsibilities are very different.

What are the PHASES of project management LIFECYCLE?

Project managers seeking to understand their process and work according to best practices are often guided by the PMI standards of practice, which outlines the project management life cycle.

The life cycle of any project can get confusing. There are a lot of activities going on in different phases of a project. Plus, those phases tend to overlap.

This is where many people might get confused. To clarify, we first need to explain the difference between the delivery process and the PM process.

The delivery process is what your team members are primarily engaged in. Usually, that’s the nuts and bolts of the project in action. That’s distinct from the project manager’s process for running a project from start to finish. The PM life cycle is outlined in PMI’s Project Manager’s Body of Knowledge (PMBOK®).

  1. Initiation
  2. Planning
  3. Execution
  4. Closure
Phases in project management lifecycle
Image Source: https://www.pmi.org/

Project Management Career

Is Project Manager A Good Career Option?

Why is project management a career option? Project management jobs are highly in demand in 2024, and careers in project management are the best option for new engineering graduates. A project manager is high in demand in various industries. Businesses today face aggressive competition so, they need a structured approach to plan, organize, control, and manage their resources (& internal capabilities) to deliver timely results. And these results should be aligned to business goals and the latest business challenges. If you are good with team management and know-how to assess time spent on a specific task and know how to make effective decisions for any problem that appears, you should give it a try to PM.

The recent PMI report on PMP job growth Project management – Job Growth and Talent gap, 2017 – 2027 Project management career paths have become lucrative in the dynamic business environment.

Some of the best reasons why to choose a project management career option include:

  • By 2027, there’ll be a need to fill breakthrough 87.7 million PMP roles due to increased demand and high attrition (because of many retirements). There will be a huge job opportunity for a PM role in the coming future in various sectors, including manufacturing & construction, Information services & publishing, finance & insurance, management & professional services, and utilities.
  • As per the research conducted by Anderson Economic Group (AEG) in conjunction with PMI, there will be an increase to 8.8 million PM-related jobs in 2027 from 6.7 million jobs in 2017 in the United States. In India, this figure soars from 14.7 million to 21.7 million in 2027 over ten years. This research expects PM-related job growth of 33 percent.
  • The demand for project managers is high. The Project Management Institute (PMI)® expects to see 22 million new project management job openings through 2027.
  • Project managers are needed in a wide variety of industries. Although quite common in the construction and IT field, project-oriented work is common in business services, oil and gas, finance and insurance, manufacturing, and utility industries worldwide.
  • Salaries for project managers are highly competitive. According to salary.com, the average Project Manager salary in the United States is $93,158, and in India, it is INR 12 21 402 as of June 2020.
  • There are plenty of opportunities for advancement. Highly experienced, specialized, certified project managers can expect to see double the entry-level salary.
  • Project managers are always learning. For those who embrace change and love seeing what’s new, project managers must be ready to regularly refresh their knowledge of process and structure, new markets, technology, products and services, and customers.

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Project Manager Job Description

Project Manager Jobs Tiles

The following are various types of project managers in the different industry segments.

  • Architectural project manager
  • Construction project manager
  • Engineering project manager
  • Insurance claim project manager
  • IT Project Manager
  • Software project manager
  • IT infrastructure project manager

The following are the various job titles in project management.

  • Project Manager
  • Project Expediter
  • Project Coordinator
  • Operations Manager
  • Transition Manager
  • Operations & Startup Manager
  • Project Director
  • Program Manager
  • Portfolio Manager
  • Delivery Manager
  • PMO Manager
  • Project Leader
  • Project Administrator
  • Project Support Officer 
  • Project/ PMO Analyst
  • PMO Specialist 
  • PMO Manager 
  • Project Planner
  • Project Controller 
  • Document Controller 

What Does A Project Manager Do?

Project Managers are accountable for masterminding, outlining, and developing projects. They design the project goals and success markers, determine how success will be measured and tracked.

The following are the various tasks project managers need to do daily.

  • Decides which skill sets are required for the project
  • Sets the budget for the work
  • Leads meetings to track the project’s progress
  • Sets the scheduled time frame for the project and all subprojects
  • Communicating with team members
  • Communicating with key stakeholders
  • Issue identification and resolution
  • Team-building – To Mentor, motivate, and supervise project team members
  • Reports on progress to stakeholders
  • Manages the culture of the team and organization
  • Direct all project management phases
  • Coordinate and track various projects through an entire project lifecycle
  • Create and continuously update the project documentation
  • Create accurate forecasts for revenue and resource requirements
  • partner with all departments to ensure work is done according to demands
  • Align various teams to maintain the quality of deliverables
  • Report and escalate issues to management when necessary
  • Continuously follow up on the progress, risks, and opportunities of the project
  • Focus on customer satisfaction
  • Manage projects through KPIs
  • Measure project performance using appropriate systems, tools, and techniques
  • Evaluate team performance

Read About Construction Management Career: A Complete Guide for 2024

What Are The Roles And Responsibilities Of A Project Manager?

What is the role of a project manager? The PMI describes the role of the project manager as that of a change agent: someone who “makes project goals their own and uses their skills and expertise to inspire a sense of shared purpose within the project team.”

What are the responsibilities of a project manager? The following are the leading role and responsibilities of a project manager include.

Planning: A project manager is responsible for formulating a plan to meet the project’s objectives while adhering to an approved budget and timeline.

Leading: An essential part of any project manager’s role is assembling and leading the project team. This requires excellent communication, people, leadership skills, and a keen eye for others’ strengths and weaknesses.

Once the team has been created, the project manager assigns tasks, sets deadlines, provides necessary resources, and regularly meets the members. An ability to speak openly and frequently with all stakeholders is critical.

Execution: The project manager will supervise the successful implementation of each project stage. Again, this requires frequent, open communication with the project team members and stakeholders.

Time management: Staying on schedule is crucial to completing any project. Therefore, time management is one of the critical responsibilities of a project manager.

When derailments arise, project managers are responsible for resolving them and communicating effectively with team members and other stakeholders to ensure the project gets back on track.

Project managers should be experts at risk management and contingency planning to continue moving forward even when roadblocks occur.

Budget: Project managers are tasked with devising a budget for a project and then sticking to it as closely as possible. Suppose certain project pieces cost more (or, in a perfect world, less) than anticipated. In that case, project managers will be responsible for moderating the spending and re-allocating funds when necessary.

Documentation: A project manager must develop effective ways to measure and analyze the project’s progress to ensure it is developing as planned. A couple of common strategies for documenting a project include data collection and verbal and written status reports.

Further, it is a project manager’s job to ensure that all relevant actions are approved and signed off on and that these documents are archived for future reference.

Maintenance: Just because a completed project doesn’t mean the work ends. There needs to be a plan for ongoing maintenance and troubleshooting.

That’s where a project manager comes in: They will devise methods for adequately supporting the final deliverable, even if they are not directly overseeing the day-to-day operations of the initiative.

Managing reports and necessary documentation: Finally, experienced project managers know how essential final reports and proper documentation are. Good project managers can present comprehensive reports documenting that all project requirements were fulfilled and the projects’ history, including what was done, who was involved, and what could be done better in the future.

How To Become A Project Manager?

Project managers often hold a bachelor’s degree in management, business, or a related field with professional certification and extensive experience. Some project managers obtain a post-graduate certificate or a master’s degree in project management.

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Project Manager Qualifications

  • Full-time bachelor’s or Masters’ Degree In Engineering and Technology. 
  • At least five years experience For Engineering Degree Holder
  • Familiarity with Project Management Practices and Tools
  • PMP Certification (For Better Positioning)
  • Technical skills, Problem-solving, Management skills, Commercial awareness
  • Advanced time management and analytical skills
  • Working knowledge of Microsoft Excel and Project Management Software and apps.
  • Excellent client-facing communication skills

Possess personnel management, time management, monitoring, critical thinking, inductive reasoning, and information ordering skills; strong communication, analytical, decision-making, and leadership skills; able to use enterprise resource planning software, database user interface and query software, PM software, and pattern design software; able to conduct systems analysis.

Project Manager Career Path

Project management career progression

The specific job descriptions for these above profiles can vary from company to company. Still, the foundational PM skills you’ll gain are transferable between companies and even entirely different industries.

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Where To Learn Project Management?

Here’s are some top eLearning websites where you can find various free online project management courses to learn. Check these online platforms offering multiple training to make a tour project management career.

Join Now For Applied Project Management Certificate Online Course From UCI

Also, kindly check Top Project Management Courses and Institutes In India 2024 and for the Top Construction Management Courses and Construction Institutes In India.

Top Project Management Certifications

About 97% of organizations believe that good project management knowledge is critical to organizational success. Unfortunately, barely over half of the project managers are certified and skilled in their tenure and career in the PM domain.

In 2024 and beyond, project management certifications can massively help you advance in your career. Organizations prefer to recruit certified professionals, but they also get to better projects in the future.

  • Project Management Professional (PMP)
  • Program Management Professional (PgMP)
  • Portfolio Management Professional (PfMP)
  • Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM)
  • PMI Professional in Business Analysis (PMI-PBA)
  • PMI Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP)
  • PMI Risk Management Professional (PMI-RMP)
  • PMI Scheduling Professional (PMI-SP)
  • Project Management in IT Security (PMITS)
  • Professional in Project Management (PPM)
  • PRINCE2 Foundation/PRINCE2 Practitioner
  • Master Project Manager (MPM)
  • CompTIA Project+ Certification
  •  Associate in Project Management (APM)
  • Certified ScrumMaster (CSM)
  • Certified Project Manager (CPM)
  • Certified Project Management Practitioner (CPMP)
  • Certified Project Director (CPD)

For complete information about these certifications, kindly check https://www.pmi.org/certifications.

You might be interested in reading this excellent article on All You Want To Know About PMP Certification In 2024.

Project Manager Salary Snapshot

Here is the 2024 data for Project Manager salaries in various countries from the several online resources, including India:

  • India: The average salary for a Project Manager in India ranges from ₹242,000 to ₹3,000,000, with bonuses from ₹979 to ₹715,000 and profit sharing from ₹10,000 to ₹51,000. Another source reports an average salary of ₹18,00,000 per year, with additional cash compensation averaging ₹2,00,000​​. A third source estimates the total pay at ₹2,000,000 per year, with an average salary of ₹1,800,000​​. Additional reports mention an average yearly salary of ₹12,36,500​​ and ₹13.5 LPA, with in-hand monthly salaries ranging from ₹92,378 to ₹1,10,100​​.

  • Canada: The average salary for a Project Manager in Canada is $98,328 CAD. Entry-level salaries start at $63,460 CAD, while late-career salaries can reach $113,912 CAD​​​​​​.

  • United States: In the US, the average Project Manager salary is $100,238, with entry-level positions earning around $53,923 and late-career positions reaching about $119,820​​​​​​.

  • United Kingdom: The average salary in the UK for this role is £46,423. Entry-level Project Managers earn about £31,329, while those in late career stages can earn up to £61,593​​​​​​.

  • Switzerland: The average salary in Switzerland is approximately $112,584.99​​.

  • Australia: In Australia, the average salary is around $80,208.65​​.

  • Germany: Project Managers in Germany earn an average of $65,805.56​​.

  • Netherlands: In the Netherlands, the average salary is about $68,989.70​​.

The above data for the project management salary was compiled from various online sources as of November 2023. kindly check the data with the other reliable sources to make an informed decision. 

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Final Thoughts

“Project management career paths” offer a variety of trajectories within industries such as construction, IT, healthcare, and finance. Each path can lead to different roles, from junior project coordinator to senior project director. A “project manager salary” is often reflective of the experience and certifications held by the individual, with project managers in high-demand industries and regions commanding higher wages.

Those considering “alternative careers for project managers” may find opportunities in consulting, operations management, or entrepreneurship, where their skills in organization, leadership, and strategic planning are highly valued. The question “is project management a good career?” can be answered affirmatively for those who enjoy leadership, organization, and are motivated by the challenge of bringing complex projects to completion.

Regarding “project manager qualifications,” employers typically look for a combination of education, such as a bachelor’s degree in business or a related field, and relevant work experience. A “project management certification,” such as PMP (Project Management Professional), can greatly enhance a project manager’s credentials and is often linked to an increase in salary.

Individuals considering a “project management career change” often bring a wealth of transferable skills to their new roles. “Career opportunities for project management graduates” are extensive, with roles available in nearly every sector of the economy. “Project management jobs” can range from coordinating smaller projects to managing large-scale initiatives across global teams.

The “project management salary” varies by geography, industry, and individual qualifications, but it generally offers competitive compensation. A “Project management career salary” can be quite lucrative, especially for those with a track record of successful project delivery and those who hold advanced certifications. In particular, “Project management career in India” has seen a surge due to the country’s growing economy and emphasis on infrastructure and IT services.

With the rise of the digital workplace, “project management careers remote” opportunities are becoming more prevalent, allowing for flexibility and the option to work from anywhere. This is complemented by the availability of “project management certification” programs that can be completed online, further facilitating remote learning and credentialing for aspiring project managers.

If you are looking for better career opportunities in 2024, after your degree in engineering, try to consider the project management career and get into any of the project management job profiles listed above. Project managers are always in demand. Irrespective of the industry, qualified professionals are always needed to plan and provision the work.

Due to a widening gap between the need for skilled project managers & their availability across the globe. Employers and organizations are looking for experienced PM professionals. It allows you to fit yourself in their requirements.

Project Management Career FAQs

Is Project Manager A Good Career Option?

Yes, the recent PMI report on PMP job growth Project management – Job Growth and Talent gap, 2017 – 2027 Project management career paths have become a lucrative option in the current dynamic business environment.

How to Become a Project Manager?

Project managers often hold a bachelor’s degree in management, business, or a related field with professional certification and extensive experience. Some project managers obtain a post-graduate certificate or a master’s degree in project management.

What is the Salary of a Project Manager in 2024?

• The Average Salary in the USA for PMP: $106,000
• The Average Salary in India for PMP: INR 2,000,000 (20 Lakhs)

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