Last Updated on July 16, 2021 by Admin
Civil Engineering is one of the oldest and oldest engineering branches and one of the most sought-after career options in engineering. As we all know, civil engineers are everywhere in demand. From municipal work to big construction projects. To become successful in civil engineering, basics knowledge is very much crucial for a civil engineer.
Civil engineers are more in demand in Construction, Real estate, Infrastructure, Projects, Oil and Gas, and other related industries. These are some of the largest and biggest employers all over the world after agriculture. A Civil engineer needs to know basic civil engineering.
Civil engineers must improve on their basic knowledge of civil engineering subjects and civil construction basic knowledge. As a fresher civil engineer, it is recommended you should add these skill sets to your resume and career profile.
The abilities a person should have for civil engineering and the software skills required for civil engineering to become a successful civil engineer are discussed here.
Civil Engineering Basics Knowledge
Civil engineers design significant construction projects, such as roads, airports, tunnels, dams, and bridges. They also supervise project construction and maintenance. They must possess a comprehensive skill set, from cost accounting to geology.
Many civil engineers have jobs that require a very hands-on role in construction, while others may have positions more heavily weighted toward supervisory and administrative skills. So, civil engineers need to know the basics of civil engineering.
Civil engineers must often manage very complex projects, leading many to specialize in one of several areas. You can find all the information and the essential skills and qualities and civil engineering basics to become a successful civil engineer.
1. Civil Engineering Basics Technical Skills
A good Civil Engineer should have a level of Mathematics and Physics that identifies and solves engineering problems.
Civil Engineers also need to be skilled in design techniques and working with maps, drawings, models, and CAD software. They need to be able to predict any possible future problems and find solutions for them.
Every civil engineer must possess a high level of technical skills to carry out construction projects. Following are some of the top technology they need to know;
Civil engineers use the principles of calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced topics in mathematics for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.
Tests Of Building Materials
A sound civil engineer should have proper knowledge of different tests of building materials. Some actual tests are listed below.
Concrete Test: Slump test, compression test, split tensile test, soundness, etc.
Soil Test: Core cutter test, compaction test, sand replacement test, triaxial test, consolidation test, etc.
Bitumen Test: Ductility test, softening point test, gravity test, penetration test, etc.
Investigation Of soil
Various soil tests are conducted to determine the settlement and stability of soils before starting construction. So as a civil engineer, you should have enough knowledge of these tests performed at the site.
Uses Of Surveying Instruments
Usages of surveying instruments like the total station, theodolite, etc., are also mandatory for every civil engineer. These instruments are used for marking and measurements.
Standard Codes Used In Construction
Every country has its standard safety specifications (e.g., Is Code) for construction-related works. All new construction should be done by following all the rules and procedures mentioned in the standard codes. Otherwise, the chances of failure of a structure will always be high.
Bar Bending Schedule
The bar bending schedule is an essential chart for civil engineers and civil engineering basics. It provides the reinforcement calculation of the RC beam, such as cutting length, bending, the size of bending, etc.
Drawing and Design
Drawing and design are the primary keys to an ongoing project. It provides all the required specifications of that project. Every site engineer should have the analyzing power of such drawings and designs.
Estimation and Bills
Estimation and bills should be prepared by a civil engineer in a construction project.
Quality control ensures the profit of a project by reducing the extra costs. So you must have a basic knowledge of quality control.
Knowledge of form-work, concreting, safety measures, etc., is also an essential aspect.
2. Project Management Skills
Project Management When problems arise, it is common for people involved on all levels to look to the engineer for guidance and resolution. A Civil Engineer must be able to step up to the task and manage a diverse team of professionals while maintaining the confidence of clients.
Here is the list of project management skills a typical civil engineer knows about and civil engineering basics skills. As you read through, think about which ones should be your focus areas for the coming year and how you will take your skills to the next level.
It should go without saying that project scheduling is a core project management skill. However, speaking to people who manage project managers during end-of-year review time, I have heard that some of them aren’t rich in this area.
Get to grips with project scheduling because a) it’s your job, and b) it will help you deliver things more successfully for others (which is also your job).
Budget management is bizarrely one of my favorite topics. I am not a natural maths whizz, but I do like a well put together spreadsheet. If I understand the numbers and create my tracking mechanism, I can tell you to the penny how much my project is spending.
Cost management is a critical topic for project managers. Those without this skill will be at a disadvantage because budgets are tight. It would help if you showed that you could deliver your project within the cost constraints and manage the project finances intelligently.
The more mature project management gets as a profession, the more we find ourselves doing unique projects. The more ‘routine’ the project, the more it is likely to outsource or give to a functional manager who shows an aptitude for getting things done. Project managers will work on the more complex, transformative, unique endeavors that require proper risk management.
Being able to control risk (as far as you can) is a sign that you are on top of your project. Project sponsors hate surprises, and sound risk management is one way that you can manage that.
Contract Management Skills
Part of managing your project involves managing suppliers. The vast majority of tasks will have an element of supply, whether that is as simple as the outside caterers who bring in cakes for your launch event or a full-on off-shoring system development firm. One of the crucial civil engineering basics skills for civil engineers to become successful.
Contract management is about being able to manage that procurement actively. Previously many project managers have been able to rely on their Finance departments to get this sort of work done (and Legal teams for managing the terms of the deal). Today, with everyone under pressure to do more with less, it’s falling to project managers to pick up the slack when it comes to procurement.
Critical thinking is core to being able to make good decisions. You have to weigh up the pros and cons of solutions to problems before choosing the right way forward. This distinguishes a project manager who is good at managing issues from someone who blows problems out of the water every time.
You can build your critical thinking skills through practice by equipping yourself with tools and approaches to help you structure arguments logically and see things from all angles before making the final decision.
I hope you don’t have to make a project recovery next year, but if you are looking for a boost to your career, showing you know how to turn around a poorly performing team and the project will certainly set you aside from your peers.
This is another bread and butter task for project managers. You should create a task list, delegate work to others, and keep on top of progress. This was the easiest part of project management when I started because I was naturally a list-maker. If it doesn’t come easy to you, you’ll have to develop strategies to ensure you are always on top of your To-Do list.
When you have cracked managing your work, you can help others manage theirs. This is the best way in my experience to make sure that projects come in on time and others take responsibility for their deliverables.
Quality management ensures that you deliver a product that is fit for your purpose. What project sponsor doesn’t want that? Unfortunately, project managers often don’t spend enough time on the quality angle of their projects – it’s one of those processes and set of tasks that are overlooked as an administrative overhead.
Suppose you are a qualified expert, then good for you. But if you aren’t, seriously consider upping this on the priority list for 2015. The better the quality of your deliverables, the better value you are offering stakeholders, and the more satisfied they will be.
How many of your meetings this year have overrun or finished without any explicit action being agreed upon? How much time have you sat in meetings wondering why you were there and what time you can leave without it looking too bad? Or worse, how much time have you spent on conference calls, only half listening while doing your emails or playing Candy Crush?
Being able to sense when a meeting is going off the rails, and people aren’t paying attention is a crucial skill for project managers. It’s helped by sticking to the schedule. Still, it’s also about reading people’s body language in the room to check that you are getting through the material quickly and comprehensively.
3. Leadership Skills
Civil engineers take ultimate responsibility for the projects that they manage or research that they perform. Therefore, they must lead planners, surveyors, construction managers, civil engineering technicians, civil engineering technologists, and others in implementing their project plan.
A civil engineer can inspire others to set the vision and lead effectively, so if that’s not your strong point, resolve to work on it now.
Civil engineers often balance multiple and frequently conflicting objectives, such as determining the feasibility of plans concerning financial costs and safety concerns. Urban and regional planners often look to civil engineers for advice on these issues. Civil engineers must make good decisions based on best practices, technical knowledge, and experience.
It would be lovely if everyone did what was best for the greater good at all times, but projects don’t work like that in real life, do they? Project managers with good negotiation skills will be an asset to their teams as they seek to resolve conflicts by finding win-win scenarios for everyone.
Only licensed civil engineers can sign design documents for infrastructure projects. This requirement makes it imperative that civil engineers monitor and evaluate the work at the Jobsite as a project progresses. That way, they can ensure compliance with the design documents.
Civil engineers also often manage several projects simultaneously and thus must balance time needs and allocate resources effectively.
Civil engineers work at the highest level of the planning, design, construction, and operation of multifaceted projects or research. The many variables involved require that they possess the ability to identify and evaluate complex problems. They must then utilize their skill and training to develop cost-effective, safe, and efficient solutions.
4. Communication Skills
Communication Skills In Civil Engineering – perhaps more so than other Engineering fields – the ability to communicate effectively is a highly sought-after skill.
Whether dealing with Management or a client, Engineers need to communicate ideas and give direction leaving no ambiguity. They must also be able to listen and benefit from the opinions of others in the team.
Written communication skills
From technicians to project managers, civil engineers at every level need to communicate via written reports and correspondence clearly and concisely. Frequently, civil engineers deal with other professionals of various backgrounds such as architects, urban planners, regional planners, and other technicians and tradespeople.
Other aspects of their job may require communicating with elected officials, citizens, and others who may not possess technical backgrounds in engineering or science. This varied communication requires that civil engineers can write in an easily understandable and straightforward manner for their audience.
Oral communication skills
Oral communication skills are another critical asset for future civil engineers. This entails listening to clients, officials, team members, and other skilled workers to effectively grasp their concerns and requests.
Strong speaking skills are also necessary for civil engineers when explaining complex technical information to the people they work with and interact with within a concise fashion to comprehend the information being shared easily.
Business Report Writing
With the ongoing focus on delivering business value, writing a business case (or at least contribute one) will be an excellent skill to have. Get hold of some templates to know what should be included when you are asked to finalize a business case or review one.
Find some business cases from past projects and evaluate what you would do differently. And make sure that your next project has a business case – that’s a good start!
A Sense of Humour
Getting through your projects largely relies on a good sense of humor and the goodwill of colleagues prepared to pick up the slack or wait another 24 hours.
An ability to see the funny side of project management will keep you on an even keel during the next 12 months.
Now that you have read the list, which of these skills will you prioritize this year? Let us know in the comments, and good luck in your project management career this year.
Creativity It could be said broadly that the role of Civil Engineers is applying Engineering principles to develop solutions within the built environment. Engineers need to be able to innovate and improve solutions. More often than not, this requires a certain level of creativity. From finding ways to reduce CO2 emissions or making a trampoline bridge, creativity is vital.
Visualization The ability to imagine what something will look like when it’s finished and visualize how complex components will come together is one of the essential skills a civil engineer can have.
Visualization skills must be flexible and dynamic to identify and resolve issues before they can become problems. Because there are so many parts to large-scale projects, civil engineers must envision how the interrelationships change when one or more individual aspects are changed.
7. Critical Thinking
Critical thinking is also one of the civil engineering basics required for civil engineers to overcome complex problems often and find efficient solutions. They need to assess the pros and cons of all possible solutions, and they need to be decisive in choosing the best one.
8. Other Important Civil Engineering Basics Skills
If added to your resumes, the following are the skills to attract more recruitment to get selected for a civil engineer’s role.
- Assess Environmental Impact and Risks
- Assemble Project Deliverables
- Assist With Staging, Testing, and Shipping of Equipment Before Deployment
- Analyze Survey Reports, Maps, and Data to Plan Projects
- Clearly Explain Design Ideas
- Comfortable Writing Technical Reports
- Compile and Submit Permit Applications to Local, State, and Federal Agencies
- Create Blueprints Using CAD (Computer-Aided Design)
- Design Public Work Projects
- Develop Designs, Layouts, and Design Calculations
- Develop Project Scope and Timeline
- Ensure Job Sites Meet Legal Guidelines, and Health and Safety Requirements
- Experience with Civil 3D
- Experience with Microstation
- Experience with Reinforced Concrete and Steel Design
- Experience with On-Site Construction Observation and Management
- Highly Detail Oriented
- Identify Possible Design Improvements
- Knowledgable of AutoCad
- Manage and Monitor Each Stage of Project
- Manage the Repair and Maintenance of Public and Private Infrastructures
- Perform or Oversee Soil Testing
- Perform or Oversee Surveying Operations
- Prepare Designs and Estimates
- Prepare Conclusion and Analysis Reports
- Present Environmental Impact Statements to the Public
- Proactive and Willing to Take on New Challenges
- Provide Cost Estimates for Materials, Equipment, and/or Labor
- Recommend Modifications for Design Improvements and Simplification
- Sound Knowledge of Engineering Fundamentals
- Test Building Materials
- Understand Diagrams, Drafts, Flow-Charts, and Other Information and Documentation
- Understand and Design
- Use Software to Design Within Industry and Government Standards
- Work Effectively Under Pressure
Civil Engineers generally require a comprehensive skill set of civil engineering basics and technical, analytical, and communications skills.
The above-listed knowledge, skills, and qualities are the most important for a Civil Engineer. Kindly improve the skills and qualities we have discussed above to become a sound and successful Civil Engineer.