ConstructionPlacements
DCM
What is civil engineering
ArticlesCareers AdviceCivil EngineeringEditor's Picks

What Is Civil Engineering? All You Need To Learn About The Mother of Engineering

Last Updated on October 20, 2022 by Admin

Civil Engineering (CE) is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, structural components of buildings, and railways.

What Is Civil Engineering?

CE is arguably the oldest engineering discipline. It deals with the built environment and can be dated to the first time someone placed a roof over his or her head or laid a tree trunk across a river to make it easier to get across.

The civil engineering meaning, term “civil engineering” is derived from the Latin word civilis, which means “relating to citizens.” The first civil engineers were responsible for constructing public works such as roads and bridges.

In modern times, civil engineers are involved in a wide range of projects, from designing and constructing buildings to planning and developing infrastructure projects such as airports and railways.

Civil engineers are into building, supervising, operating, constructing, and designing projects in the public and private sectors.

They also take on projects, including roads, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment.




CE is an exciting profession because you can see the results of your work, whether this is a completed bridge, a high-rise building, a subway station, or a hydroelectric dam.

What is the scope of civil engineering?

The scope of CE includes the design, construction, and maintenance of systems that provide human beings with their daily needs.

It covers various disciplines, including environmental science, architecture, transportation, resource management, and public health.

Moreover, civil engineering construction creates and maintains infrastructure projects such as bridges, roads, canals, and dams.

It involves various activities, including planning, design, construction, operation, and maintenance. CE construction projects can be small or large and can be located in any part of the world.

Civil engineering work is a critical part of our infrastructure and is essential for our society’s proper functioning.

The scope of CE is vast, and its practitioners play an essential role in ensuring that our built environment is safe, functional, and sustainable.

With humanity experiencing rapid urbanization, there is an ever-increasing demand for civil engineers to design and construct infrastructure that can support large populations.

In addition to meeting this demand, civil engineers must also focus on making infrastructure more resilient to the effects of climate change.

Related Posts:

Is CE a Tough Branch?

CE is a tough branch of engineering. It requires a great deal of hard work, intense concentration, and a deep understanding of the laws of physics and construction.

It is a profession that has been around for hundreds of years and has seen many technological advances. The future looks bright as civil engineers are expected to grow in numbers shortly, which means they will be able to explore more fields.

CE requires an understanding of various disciplines, such as hydraulics, structural mechanics, materials science and management, and computer-aided design.

The profession has a wide range of jobs for which to apply. These include a designer; a surveyor; a construction engineer; a bridge builder; a municipal engineer, an environmental engineer; a transportation engineer, and a mining engineer.

Is CE a Good Career Choice?

Civil engineers are always looking for ways to improve the quality of life. Some specialize in building bridges and highways, while others work in wastewater treatment plants. CE is a career that offers a lot of opportunities.

CE is a good career choice for people who want to design and build transportation systems, structures, or utilities. It’s also an exciting choice for people who want to work in construction management, public works, or as mechanical engineers.

CE is an advantageous career choice. The skills you learn as a civil engineer also help you in your other careers.

After graduating from college with CE, many people find the work fulfilling and challenging, and they enjoy working in different areas such as architecture, construction, and water resources.

Civil engineering as a career is becoming a more popular option with the recent boom in construction. The demand for civil engineers is expected to proliferate because of the various infrastructure needs worldwide.

Civil engineers are also needed at local and national levels to design and build transport infrastructures such as roads and bridges.

What’s the difference between Civil Engineering and Architecture?

In some ways, civil engineering and architecture are similar—both concern themselves with their topic’s structure, layout, and framework. However, the difference between these two disciplines is mainly about what each does as a service for its client.

Civil engineers work primarily for industry or construction firms, and architects are more likely to design for everyday public places rather than just buildings.

Architecture is a word that typically refers to the design, building, and setting up of a place of human activity from what is originally natural or constructed.

This could be a building or an area in which people live. Architecture encompasses various activities, including environmental planning, urbanism, visual arts, research, and design.

Kindly read this detailed article mentioning all the significant differences between civil engineering and architecture.

Related Posts:

What does a civil engineer do?

The role of a civil engineer could be pretty complex, so you should know about it before you try to become one. In some places, CE is also known as a construction or structural engineering.

Civil engineers typically perform the following duties;

  • Civil engineers are involved in designing and building highways, bridges and tunnels, schools, hospitals, airports, and other buildings, sewage systems, and water treatment facilities.
  • Civil engineers also help preserve our environment by assisting in cleaning up existing pollution and planning ways to reduce future pollution of our air, land, and water.
  • Civil engineers help plan and supervise various projects involving construction, water systems, and roads.
  • Most large and small structures require the help of a civil engineer, whether in designing, planning, or managing the project.
  • Civil engineers are responsible for planning and creating building projects, such as water systems, tunnels, bridges, and other public works projects. During the design phases of a project, engineers calculate the load requirements and weather conditions that the completed structure needs to withstand. They then consult with the builders to ensure the project is constructed safely and successfully.
  • The CE field offers a variety of professional and educational opportunities.
  • Civil engineers conceive, design, build, supervise, operate, construct and maintain infrastructure projects and systems in the public and private sectors, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and water supply and sewage treatment systems.

Kindly read this article to learn more about the role and responsibilities of the Civil Engineer in the construction industry.

What is the basic knowledge of a civil engineer?

A civil engineer is a professional whose job is to design, research, and manage the planning, construction, operation, and maintenance of infrastructures (e.g., cities) that are affected by their built environment. CE  particularly applies technology to build items such as roads, bridges, ports, and buildings.

Kindly read this in-depth article to learn more about the CE basic skill required to become a successful civil engineer in the construction industry.

Check this CE Subjects and Syllabus For BE, B.Tech Course.

Related Posts:

Civil Engineering Career

Civil engineers are essential to developing, maintaining, and building infrastructure that helps society thrive. They use different methods to ensure safe and environmentally friendly development and capitalism as a tool to make design accessible to many.

CE can help us in all aspects of life, including water treatment, air pollution, storm surges, pipelines, research on climate change, and more.

When you study CE, you will have access to professional-level education that supports a global perspective and allows students to pursue their interests in designing cities without borders.

CE careers offer a wide range of exciting employment opportunities. Civil engineers are involved in designing and managing any structure meant to last, including bridges, buildings, dams, roads, and water systems.

Between four and six million civil engineers worldwide across many different organizational types.

Read CE Career: A Guide To Start Your Construction Career In 2022

CE careers are both rewarding and challenging and can involve elements of construction, design, leadership, and management, depending on your interests and specialist knowledge gained at university.

You’ll often find ample opportunities for creativity and innovation and the rewards of seeing projects come to fruition. Civil engineers need a good knowledge of design and construction methods, current technologies, best practices, and relevant legislation and regulations.

CE careers often offer good prospects for progression and the potential to earn a better-than-average salary, with many countries worldwide forecasting high demand in the coming years.

While the engineering sector offers a wide variety of different roles, some of the most common CE career paths include:

The following are the various top-rated high-in-demand job profiles for civil engineers.

You can also check here the various job titles for civil engineers in the construction industry.

Civil Engineering Salary Details

According to various online sources, the average civil engineering salary is $86,000 annually. This figure varies depending on experience and qualifications, but it’s still a respectable income.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the median civil engineering annual salary was $88,050 in May 2022.

Additionally, the BLS reports that employment growth for civil engineers is projected to be around 10 percent between now and 2026. This means there are plenty of opportunities for civil engineers to earn a high salary.

Civil engineers work in various industries, including construction, transportation, and environmentalism. So there are plenty of opportunities to earn a high salary in this field.

As shown in the below salary table, the CE median salary is a minimum of $70,000 in the United States.

SourceSalary Per Year
BLS (Median Pay)$88,050
LinkedIn.com (Median Salary)$70,000
Indeed.com (Average Salary)$84,634

Check this CE salary guide to learn about the salaries of several job titles.

Related Posts:

Civil Engineering Courses

Study CE at the undergraduate level. You’ll learn to apply mathematics and scientific knowledge (particularly physics) to real-life situations and problems that arise from creating and maintaining structures, considering environmental, financial, legal, and ethical considerations.

At its core, CE is a combination of many scientific specialisms, including mechanics, hydraulics, geotechnics (using knowledge of the earth’s crust to solve construction problems), materials science, and statistical analysis. As such, the study of these foundational elements will feature heavily in the early years of CE degrees.

As well as the more scientific side, those who study CE will get to develop their design skills, particularly computer-aided design. Project work is central to the subject, meaning that in the latter years of your degree, you will be able to complete your design projects individually or within a team.




Undergraduate CE degrees will typically be three or four years long and feature a mixture of lectures and lab work. There will also be an emphasis on working within a team, as this is considered an essential skill for anyone pursuing a CE career.

Those who study CE may also have opportunities to participate in field trips and complete industry placements, either as a ‘year in industry or for shorter periods.

Learn Bridge mechanics, structural analysis, and moment distribution methods are part of the civil engineer’s skill set. Whether you need help brushing up on the technical aspects of the job, or an introduction to software like AutoCAD and Revit, there are online courses for you.

Take free online classes and courses in CE to build your skills and advance your career. Learn CE and other in-demand subjects with courses from top universities and institutions worldwide on the below subjects and software in CE.




Civil Engineering Online Courses

Kindly check these below top-rated and best websites and online learning platforms offering world-class courses for you to learn CE online. Kindly check the below-mentioned courses;

Entry requirements

CE skills are firmly rooted in mathematics and science, and a high level of proficiency in these subjects is required to predict the performance and capability of the structures they create.

For this reason, students with strong backgrounds in physics and mathematics who are also interested in designing functional structures, from bridges to hydropower systems, are prime candidates to study CE.

Although entry requirements for those wishing to study CE degrees vary between institutions, most universities ask for strong academic grades in mathematics and science subjects.

Due to the specialized nature of CE, many courses are highly selective and competitive, meaning that top grades are a common requirement among leading schools. Various universities, institutes, and colleges offer CE courses in India and abroad.



Civil engineers often specialize in one of several technical areas. A few examples are;

  • Transportation
  • Coastal Engineering
  • Structural
  • Environmental
  • Geotechnical
  • Construction
  • Architectural
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Utility Engineering and Surveying




Common skills gained with a civil engineering degree include

  • Ability to analyze complex data sets, and general analytical skills
  • Powerful numeracy
  • Technology literacy
  • Presenting findings in written and spoken form to an acceptable academic standard
  • Problem identification and solving skills
  • Project management and organization skills
  • Ability to approach issues from multiple perspectives
  • Strong communication and teamwork
  • Budgeting and costing skills
  • Knowledge of current planning and construction laws and regulations

Where to Search for Civil Engineeirng Jobs?

Looking for a civil engineering job? CE job descriptions often include tasks such as conducting surveys, surveying land, designing structures, and performing other work related to CE.

Here are five great resources to find the correct position for you.

1. Indeed.com

Indeed is a great place to start your search for CE jobs. You can browse the current openings and filter by location, occupation, and company size.

2. LinkedIn

LinkedIn is an excellent resource for finding civil engineering jobs and networking with potential employers. If you haven’t already created a LinkedIn profile, now is the time to do so. Check this LinkedIn Jobs Search Guide | How to find jobs on LinkedIn in 2022?

3. The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

It also maintains an extensive job database; You can also check out career websites for specific civil engineering careers, such as the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) website. You can narrow your search by location, skill set, or category (such as civil engineering jobs).



4. Monster.com

Monster is another excellent resource for finding civil engineering jobs. You can search by city, state, or country on this website. You can filter by company size and job type (full-time, part-time, contract).

If you’re looking for a job in a specific city or region, Monster.com is a great resource. You can search by city or state and view all available positions.

5. Google is another great resource for finding jobs and hiring managers.

Type “civil engineering ” or “civil engineer technician jobs” into the Google search bar, and you’ll be presented with a list of results that include current and past job openings from companies all over the United States. Also, check this valuable resource on how to use Google for job search effectively.

Finally, don’t forget to check out websites dedicated specifically to finding CE jobs,

The CET is a professional who performs tasks in the construction, maintenance, repair, and renovation of roads, bridges, dams, airports, water systems, and other public works.



What are the software that a civil engineer must know?

Civil engineers need software that will give them insight into the problems they were tasked with as well as use their data to solve these issues and build their projects.

Civil3-Cad, ConceptDraw PRO, DraftSight, AutoCAD, Civil 3D, and Industry works are leading CE software.

Civil engineers often work with a wide range of software applications and must know how to find the best software for their job.

They may use software and applications such as Revit, SCAD Studio, Catia, Mechadar, and AutoCAD.

Civil Engineering is a complex software requiring developers with extensive knowledge of mathematics, project management, and User Interface design.

CE software such as AutoCAD and Trimble SketchUp can be used to create 3D models and 2D images for different levels of interaction by using the mouse, keyboard, pen, or other input options.

Read about the Best CE Software Updated List 2022




FAQs

What does a civil engineer do?

As a civil engineer, you will be responsible for designing, constructing, and maintaining infrastructure projects such as roads, bridges, tunnels, and water systems. In addition to being able to work on large-scale projects, you will also need to be able to work on smaller ones. 

What are the five types of civil engineering?

There are five types of CE: Geotechnical, Structural, Environmental, Transportation, and Water Resources. 

Is civil engineering a rewarding career option?

Yes, CE is a challenging and rewarding profession with many opportunities for growth and advancement. In addition to seeing the tangible results of their work, civil engineers also have the satisfaction of knowing that they are helping to make the world a better place.

Is civil engineering easy?

Civil engineering is not easy. It requires a lot of hard work and dedication. Many challenges must be overcome. But, it is possible to have a successful career in CE if you are willing to put in the effort.

Why is Civil Engineering Important?

It’s because civil engineers are the ones who design, build, and maintain our infrastructure. This includes the roads we drive on, the bridges we cross, the water treatment plants that clean our water, and the buildings we live and work in. In other words, civil engineers are responsible for the basic infrastructure that makes modern life possible. Without them, we would be living in a very different world.

How will Civil Engineering Change in the Future?

CE is constantly evolving as new technologies and materials become available. In the future, the profession will continue to grow and change in response to the needs of society. Some of the most exciting changes may include using more sustainable materials, developing new construction methods, and introducing new technologies to improve safety and efficiency. As our world continues to change, civil engineers will be at the forefront of ensuring that our built environment can keep pace.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More