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What Is Civil Engineering? All You Want To Know About Civil Engineering

Last Updated on December 19, 2021 by Admin

Civil Engineering(CE) is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, structural components of buildings, and railways.

What Is Civil Engineering?

CE is arguably the oldest engineering discipline. It deals with the built environment and can be dated to the first time someone placed a roof over his or her head or laid a tree trunk across a river to make it easier to get across.

Civil engineers are into building, supervising, operating, constructing, and designing projects in the public and private sectors. They also take projects including roads, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment.




CE is an exciting profession because at the end of the day you can see the results of your work, whether this is a completed bridge, a high-rise building, a subway station, or a hydroelectric dam.

What is the scope of civil engineering?

The scope of civil engineering includes the design, construction, and maintenance of systems that provide human beings with their daily needs. It covers a broad spectrum of disciplines including environmental science, architecture, transportation, resource management, and public health.

Is civil engineering a tough branch?

Civil engineering is a tough branch of engineering. It requires a great deal of hard work, an intense amount of concentration, and a deep understanding of the laws of physics and construction. It is a profession that has been around for hundreds of years and it has seen many technological advances as well. The future looks bright as civil engineers are expected to grow in numbers in the near-future which means they will be able to explore more fields.

Civil engineering requires an understanding of a variety of disciplines, such as: hydraulics, structural mechanics, materials science and management, and computer-aided design. The profession has a wide range of jobs for which to apply. These include designer; a surveyor; construction engineer; bridge builder; municipal engineer; environmental engineer; transportation engineer and mining engineer.

Is civil engineering a good career choice?

Civil engineers are always looking for ways to improve the quality of life. Some of them specialize in building bridges and highways, whereas some others work on wastewater treatment plants. Civil engineering is a career that offers a lot of opportunities.

Civil engineering is a good career choice for people who want to design and build transportation systems, structures, or utilities. It’s also an interesting choice for people who want to work in construction management, public works, or as mechanical engineers.

Civil engineering is a very rewarding career choice. The skills you learn as a civil engineer help you in your other careers as well. After graduating from college with civil engineering, many people find that the work is fulfilling and challenging and they enjoy working in different areas such as architecture, construction, and water resources.

Civil engineering as a career is becoming a more popular option with the recent boom in construction. The demand for civil engineers is expected to grow rapidly because of the various infrastructure needs around the world. As well, civil engineers are needed at local and national levels to design and build transport infrastructures such as roads and bridges.

What’s the difference between civil engineering and architecture?

In some ways civil engineering and architecture are similar. Both concern themselves with the structure, layout, and framework of their topic. However, the difference between these two disciplines is mainly about what each does as a service for its client.

Civil engineers work primarily for industry or construction firms and architects are more likely to design for everyday public places rather than just buildings.

Architecture is a word that typically refers to the design, building, and setting up of a place of human activity from what is originally natural or constructed. This could be a building or it could be an area in which people live. Architecture encompasses a whole variety of activities including environmental planning, urbanism, visual arts, research, and design.

Kindly read this detailed article mentioning all the major differences between civil engineering and architecture.

What does a civil engineer do?

The role of a civil engineer could be quite complex, so you should know about it before you try to become one. In some places, CE is also known as construction engineering or structural engineering.

Civil engineers typically perform the following duties;

  • Civil engineers are involved in the design and building of highways, bridges and tunnels, schools, hospitals, airports, and other buildings, sewage systems, and water treatment facilities.
  • Civil engineers also help to preserve our environment by assisting in the cleaning up of existing pollution and planning ways to reduce future pollution of our air, land, and water.
  • Civil engineers help plan and supervise a variety of projects involving construction, water systems, and roads.
  • Most structures, large and small, require the help of a civil engineer whether in the designing, planning, or managing of the project.
  • Civil engineers are responsible for planning and creating building projects, such as water systems, tunnels, bridges, and other public works projects. During the design phases of a project, engineers calculate the load requirements and weather conditions that the completed structure needs to withstand. They then usually consult with the builders to ensure that the project is constructed safely and successfully.
  • The civil engineering field offers a variety of professional and educational opportunities.
  • Civil engineers conceive, design, build, supervise, operate, construct and maintain infrastructure projects and systems in the public and private sector, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment.

Kindly read this article to learn more about the role and responsibilities of the Civil Engineer in the construction industry.

What is the basic knowledge of a civil engineer?

A civil engineer is a professional whose job is to design, research, and manage the planning, building, construction, operation, and maintenance of infrastructures (e.g., cities) that are affected by their built environment. Civil engineering particularly applies technology to build items such as roads, bridges, ports, and buildings.

Kindly read this in-depth article to learn more about the civil engineering basic skill required to become a successful civil engineer in the construction industry.

Civil Engineering Career

Civil engineers are an essential part of developing, maintaining, and building infrastructure that helps society thrive. They use different methods to ensure safe and environmentally friendly development and capitalism as a tool to make design accessible to many. Civil engineering can help us in all aspects of life including, water treatment, air pollution, storm surges, pipelines, research on climate change, and more. When you study civil engineering you will have access to professional-level education that supports a global perspective and allows students to pursue their interests in designing cities without borders.

Civil engineering careers offer a wide range of interesting employment opportunities. Civil engineers are involved in the design and management of any structure that is meant to last, including bridges, buildings, dams, roads, and water systems. Between four and six million civil engineers work worldwide across many different organizational types.

Read Civil Engineering Career: A Guide To Start Your Construction Career In 2021

Civil engineering careers are both rewarding and challenging and can involve elements of construction, design, leadership, and management, depending on your interests and specialist knowledge gained at university.

You’ll often find ample opportunities for creativity and innovation, as well as the rewards of seeing projects come to fruition. All civil engineers need a good knowledge of design and construction methods, current technologies, and best practices, as well as relevant legislation and regulations.

CE careers often offer good prospects for progression, and the potential to earn a better-than-average salary, with many countries worldwide forecasting high demand in the coming years.

While the engineering sector offers a wide variety of different roles, some of the most common CE career paths include:

The following are the various top-rated high-in-demand job profiles for civil engineers.

You can also, check here the various job titles for civil engineers in the construction industry.

Civil Engineering Courses

If you study CE at the undergraduate level, you’ll learn to apply mathematics and scientific knowledge (particularly physics) to real-life situations and problems that arise from creating and maintaining structures, taking into account environmental, financial, legal, and ethical considerations.

At its core, CE is a combination of many scientific specialisms, including mechanics, hydraulics, geotechnics (using knowledge of the earth’s crust to solve construction problems), materials science, and statistical analysis. As such, the study of these foundational elements will feature heavily in the early years of civil engineering degrees.

As well as the more scientific side, those who study CE will get to develop their design skills, particularly computer-aided design. Project work is central to the subject, meaning that in the latter years of your degree you will be able to complete your own design projects individually or within a team.




Undergraduate CE degrees will typically be three or four years in length and will feature a mixture of lectures and lab work. There will also be an emphasis on working within a team, as this is considered a key skill for anyone pursuing civil engineering career.

Those who study CE may also have opportunities to participate in field trips and complete industry placements, either as a ‘year in industry or for shorter periods.

Learn Bridge mechanics, structural analysis, and moment distribution methods are all a part of the civil engineer’s skill set. Whether you need help brushing up on the technical aspects of the job, or an introduction to software like AutoCAD and Revit, there are online courses for you.

Take free online classes and courses in civil engineering to build your skills and advance your career. Learn CE and other in-demand subjects with courses from top universities and institutions around the world on the below subjects and software in CE.




Civil Engineering Online Courses

Kindly, check these below top-rated and best websites and online learning platforms offering world-class courses for you to learn civil engineering online.

Entry requirements

Civil engineering skills are strongly rooted in mathematics and science, and a high level of proficiency in these subjects is required in order to predict the performance and capability of the structures they create.

For this reason, students with strong backgrounds in physics and mathematics who are also interested in designing functional structures, from bridges to hydropower systems, are prime candidates to study CE.

Although entry requirements for those wishing to study CE degrees vary between institutions, most universities ask for strong academic grades in mathematics and science subjects.

Due to the specialized nature of CE, many courses are highly selective and competitive, meaning that top grades are a common requirement among leading schools. There are various universities, institutes, and colleges offering CE courses in India abroad.



Civil engineers often specialize in one of a number of technical areas. A few examples are;

  • Transportation
  • Coastal Engineering
  • Structural
  • Environmental
  • Geotechnical
  • Construction
  • Architectural
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Utility Engineering and Surveying




Common skills gained with a civil engineering degree include

  • Ability to analyze complex data sets, and general analytical skills
  • Very strong numeracy
  • Technology literacy
  • Presenting findings in written and spoken form, to an acceptable academic standard
  • Problem identification and solving skills
  • Project management and organization skills
  • Ability to approach issues from multiple perspectives
  • Strong communication and teamwork
  • Budgeting and costing skills
  • Knowledge of current planning and construction laws and regulations

What are the software that a civil engineer must know?

Civil engineers are in need of software that will give them insight into the problems they were tasked as well as use their data in order to solve these issues and build their project. These are the main Civil Engineering software: Civil3-Cad, ConceptDraw PRO, DraftSight, AutoCAD Civil 3D and Industryworks. Civil engineers often work with a wide range of software application and it is important that they know how to find the best software for their job. Civil engineers in particular may use software and application such as Revit, SCAD Studio, Catia, Mechadar, and AutoCAD.

Civil Engineering software is a complex software area that requires developers with extensive knowledge of mathematics, project management, and User Interface design. Civil Engineering software such as AutoCAD and Trimble SketchUp can be used to create 3D models and 2D images for different levels of interaction by using the mouse, keyboard, pen, or other input options.

Read about Best Civil Engineering Software Updated List 2021

Reference:

https://www.topuniversities.com/courses/engineering-civil-structural/
https://www.civil.columbia.edu/about/what-civil-engineering/
https://www.asce.org/about_civil_engineering/




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