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What Is Civil Engineering? All You Want To Know About Civil Engineering

Last Updated on October 8, 2021 by Admin

Civil Engineering(CE) is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, structural components of buildings, and railways.

What Is Civil Engineering?

CE is arguably the oldest engineering discipline. It deals with the built environment and can be dated to the first time someone placed a roof over his or her head or laid a tree trunk across a river to make it easier to get across.

Civil engineers are into building, supervising, operating, constructing, and designing projects in the public and private sectors. They also take projects including roads, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment.

CE is an exciting profession because at the end of the day you can see the results of your work, whether this is a completed bridge, a high-rise building, a subway station, or a hydroelectric dam.

Civil Engineering Courses

If you study CE at the undergraduate level, you’ll learn to apply mathematics and scientific knowledge (particularly physics) to real-life situations and problems that arise from creating and maintaining structures, taking into account environmental, financial, legal, and ethical considerations.

At its core, CE is a combination of many scientific specialisms, including mechanics, hydraulics, geotechnics (using knowledge of the earth’s crust to solve construction problems), materials science, and statistical analysis. As such, the study of these foundational elements will feature heavily in the early years of civil engineering degrees.

As well as the more scientific side, those who study CE will get to develop their design skills, particularly computer-aided design. Project work is central to the subject, meaning that in the latter years of your degree you will be able to complete your own design projects individually or within a team.

Undergraduate CE degrees will typically be three or four years in length and will feature a mixture of lectures and lab work. There will also be an emphasis on working within a team, as this is considered a key skill for anyone pursuing civil engineering careers.

Those who study CE may also have opportunities to participate in field trips and complete industry placements, either as a ‘year in industry’ or for shorter periods.

Learn Bridge mechanics, structural analysis, and moment distribution methods are all a part of the civil engineer’s skill set. Whether you need help brushing up on the technical aspects of the job, or an introduction to software like AutoCAD and Revit, there are online courses for you.

Take free online classes and courses in civil engineering to build your skills and advance your career. Learn CE and other in-demand subjects with courses from top universities and institutions around the world on the below subjects and software in CE.

Civil Engineering Online Courses

Kindly, check these below top rated and best websites and online learning platforms offering world-class courses for you to learn civil engineering online.

Entry requirements

Civil engineering skills are strongly rooted in mathematics and science, and a high level of proficiency in these subjects is required in order to predict the performance and capability of the structures they create.

For this reason, students with strong backgrounds in physics and mathematics who are also interested in designing functional structures, from bridges to hydropower systems, are prime candidates to study CE.

Although entry requirements for those wishing to study CE degrees vary between institutions, most universities ask for strong academic grades in mathematics and science subjects.

Due to the specialized nature of CE, many courses are highly selective and competitive, meaning that top grades are a common requirement among leading schools. There are various universities, institutes, and colleges offering CE courses in India abroad.

Civil engineers often specialize in one of a number of technical areas. A few examples are;

  • Transportation
  • Coastal Engineering
  • Structural
  • Environmental
  • Geotechnical
  • Construction
  • Architectural
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Utility Engineering and Surveying

Civil Engineering Career

Civil engineering careers are both rewarding and challenging and can involve elements of construction, design, leadership, and management, depending on your interests and specialist knowledge gained at university.

You’ll often find ample opportunities for creativity and innovation, as well as the rewards of seeing projects come to fruition. All civil engineers need a good knowledge of design and construction methods, current technologies, and best practices, as well as relevant legislation and regulations.

CE careers often offer good prospects for progression, and the potential to earn a better-than-average salary, with many countries worldwide forecasting high demand in the coming years.

While the engineering sector offers a wide variety of different roles, some of the most common CE career paths include:

The following are the various top-rated high in demand job profiles for civil engineers.

You can also, check here the various job titles for civil engineers in the construction industry.

Common skills gained with a civil engineering degree include

  • Ability to analyze complex data sets, and general analytical skills
  • Very strong numeracy
  • Technology literacy
  • Presenting findings in written and spoken form, to an acceptable academic standard
  • Problem identification and solving skills
  • Project management and organization skills
  • Ability to approach issues from multiple perspectives
  • Strong communication and teamwork
  • Budgeting and costing skills
  • Knowledge of current planning and construction laws and regulations


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