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What Is The Difference Between Civil Engineering and Architecture?

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Both Civil Engineering and Architecture are involved in planning and designing buildings & structures. However, Architecture focuses more on the spatial functionality and aesthetics of the development work and is more concerned with the artistry, look, feel and functionality of the design, while Civil Engineering concentrates on the structural elements of the design, making certain that the structure can endure normal and extreme conditions. You can check below the difference between civil engineering and architecture.

Civil Engineering and Architecture

You may already have an idea of the process of designing and the construction of buildings, mansions, and other edifices; and you know for a fact that the job requires professionals like Architects and Civil Engineers.

Here we explored both Civil engineering and Architecture in terms of Definition, Scope, and major Differences.

What is Civil Engineering?

Civil engineering is about constructing, managing, and maintaining the infrastructure that supports modern society including buildings, bridges, roads, railways and tunnels; airports and mines; dams, ports, and harbors; water supplies and sewerage schemes; and irrigation systems and flood mitigation works.

Civil engineering is based on maths, mechanics, and physics, but it’s about creative problem-solving at the same time.  Civil engineering, also referred to as structural engineering, specializes in the structural elements of systems, ensuring that facilities can withstand normal and extreme loading conditions. Civil engineers work closely with architects and they are responsible for making the vision of architects into a realization.

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Civil engineering is broken down into several specializations. The main ones are environmental, structural and transportation. Structural engineers can specialize in buildings or in infrastructure. Environmental engineers handle the design of water and sewerage systems. Transportation engineers design roads and other transport systems.

Civil engineering may also tackle the particulars of design but the practice is often not concerned with the aesthetics and intended function of structures. We have described below the difference between civil engineering and architecture. civil Engineers will rather focus on innovative ways to make the design work. When they see something in the design as impractical, they can suggest a design modification from the ones involved in the architectural department.

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Job responsibilities of a civil engineer include:

  • Testing building materials
  • Following regulations and considering possible project hazards
  • Performing surveying operations
  • Supervising maintenance of infrastructures
  • Using design programs for projects

Read About The important subjects in Civil Engineering 

What is Architecture?

One who studies Architecture Called as an Architect, Architects design buildings. They choose how the building will look and its relationship with the site. They design the interior layouts, and they often sketch in structural and mechanical systems. Sometimes they design the building envelope (wall and roof sections), and sometimes they hire a building science specialist to do it.

Architects design various buildings and structures that include office buildings and houses. They can work on projects as small as rooms in a building to designing the entire building. They must have experience with computer software such as CADD to create scaled drawings to provide plans to workers.

Architects must have great creativity and vision to ensure the project looks attractive to clients. They are also responsible for taking care of many parts of the project, so they must be very organized to keep track of all aspects of architectural development. Find here the difference between civil engineering and architecture. Architects with extensive experience can advance into higher-level supervisory roles as architectural managers

Job responsibilities of an architect include:

  • Organizing structure specifications
  • Estimating budget and time
  • Creating drawings and plans
  • Presenting plans to clients
  • Developing contracts

The subject areas include, but are not limited to the following fields;

  • Architectural Drawing
  • Architectural Style
  • Architectural Theory
  • Biomechanics
  • Building Materials
  • Coastal Engineering
  • Construction Engineering
  • Control Engineering
  • Earthquake Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Materials Engineering
  • Municipal Or Urban Engineering
  • Organic Architecture
  • Sociology of Architecture
  • Structural Engineering
  • Surveying
  • Transportation Engineering

Read About: Best Architecture Colleges in India to study B.Arch in 2020

Scope of Civil Engineering And Architecture

A very wide scope exists there for civil engineering and architecture professionals. They are together involved in many different types of projects. A project requires many different activities associated with these people. Projects may be related to the high rise buildings, skyscrapers, tunnels, roads, bridges, waterworks, canal systems, drainage works, steel structures, etc.

Civil engineers are concerned with preliminary surveys, measurements, execution of projects at the sites, structural design making, quantity surveying, supervision, planning site activities, procurement of materials, billing, construction safety, structural detailing of steel, etc.

Civil engineer’s job profile includes a surveyor, quantity surveyor, estimator, billing engineer, structural designer, procurement manager, planning engineer, site engineer, quality engineer, etc. Once they get promotion on the basis of experience or qualification, they lead the teams under the manager post. Project manager, deputy project manager, assistant project manager, etc.

Read About: Govt Job In Civil Engineering 2020- How To Find It Online?

Architects are concerned with planning, architectural drawing, architectural designing, structural drawing, utilization of space, application of building bye-laws, application of principles of the science of human settlements (ekistics), interior design, aesthetics of the environment, pleasant appearance, etc.

They work as an architect (designation) and an architect may have specific roles depending upon the post at which he is hired. An architect working in landscape architecture specifically can be entitled to the designation of landscape architects and in this way other designations are also created. A post-graduate architect working in industrial design is an architect (industrial design). An architect with an MBA or PGDM or managerial experience can be designated as an architectural manager.

Read About: Civil Engineering Basics Skill To Become A Successful Civil Engineer

Difference Between Civil Engineering and Architecture

There are marked differences between the fields of architecture and civil engineering. In fact, the two practices have well-defined responsibilities that make them distinct from each other.

A good engineer-architect relationship is vital to have a more efficient, high-quality project result. The following are the major differences between civil engineering and architecture.

Difference Between Civil Engineering and Architecture

Civil Engineering Architecture
Civil engineering focuses on innovation to realize that design.Architecture is more into the creativity of designs.
Civil engineering mainly deals with the mathematical and scientific aspects of a building. Architecture deals with the look and other artistic aspects of designing a building.
A civil engineer oversees the construction of roads, flyovers, and underpasses, among other things.An architect designs buildings, monuments, bridges, among other things.
 Equipped with a B.Tech in civil engineering, you can apply for jobs, directly.To practice as an architect, you need to register with the Council of Architecture.
Civil engineering deals more with the strength of the structure. Architecture deals more with the aesthetics of the structure.
Civil Engineering, deals with the material used for the building and how to design the building so it can support its own weightArchitecture deals with making the floor plans of a building and designing the shape of the building.
Civil engineering’s responsibility is ensuring that the design can be implemented in a safe and reliable manner.architecture’s primary concern is designing the development work.
Civil Engineering concentrates on the structural elements of the design, making certain that the structure can endure normal and extreme conditions.Architecture focuses more on the spatial functionality and aesthetics of the development work and is more concerned with the artistry, look, feel and functionality of the design.
Civil engineering involves studying drafts and examining the practicality of the design; civil engineers ensure that the design can withstand normal and extreme loading conditions.Architecture initiates the project through architects’ drafts.
Civil engineers will be guided by the architect’s outlines and dimensions.Architects will need engineers to help to make their designs work.
A good civil engineer will always give the best efforts to make the design into a reality.A good architect, on the other hand, will always consider the practicality of the design so it can be built at less cost and at a faster rate.

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Advice for the Career Aspirants 

The aspirants who are good at drawing and a bit of mathematics with some innovative ideas about planning and drawing the above-said environments, they should go for architecture.

Aspirants with awesome knowledge of physics, chemistry, mathematics, and a great interest in structural design, construction & real estate should go for civil engineering.

Also, one should check the institute or university for recognition before taking admission.

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When you think of architects, you would only visualize a person making drawings on large sheets of paper and when you think of civil engineers, you imagine someone with a hardhat analyzing on the field of construction, yelling instructions to workers involved in the assembly. If you were thinking along these lines, though stereotypical, you are to some extent accurate.

To put it simply, architects design whole buildings and civil engineers just design the structural systems in buildings – and there are other specializations that civil engineers can take on, as well.

Civil engineers and architects may sometimes overlap each other’s work but a good relationship between the two professions will make the construction job more effective and successful.



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