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What are the Various types of Construction Companies?

types of construction companies

Last Updated on May 1, 2021 by Admin

Construction companies execute the building and infrastructure work. Whatever is there on drawing sheets, they make it real by constructing it for an amount agreed upon before their clients—construction companies concerned with building buildings, bridges, dams, etc. We have discussed here the various types of Construction Companies.

What is a Construction Company?

A type of business, company, enterprise, or similar organization created to construct various buildings, developments, properties, facilities, housing, path, pavement, roads, motorway, and other types of construction projects. Construction companies are created and function in various countries around the world.

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A construction company is not a single entity and does not carry out one role; they are large-scale multitasking agencies.

Construction industry sectors are categorized into Building construction (residential and non-residential), Infrastructure construction, and Industrial construction.

In general, there are four types of construction projects to be carried out;

  • Residential Building.
  • Institutional and Commercial Building.
  • Specialized Industrial Construction.
  • Infrastructure and Heavy Construction.

Building construction is usually further divided into residential and non-residential(commercial/institutional).

Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure. Construction differs from manufacturing in that manufacturing typically involves mass production of similar items without a designated purchaser, while construction normally takes place on location for a known client.

Construction is directly tied to the fields of civil engineering and architecture. A construction company is responsible for building structures in both the commercial and private sectors.

In simple words, we can say that a construction company is a type of business, enterprise, or similar organization created and operating to construct a wide variety of buildings, developments, housing, path, pavement, roads, motorways, and other types of construction projects.

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Various types of Construction Companies?

Construction companies are categorized as follows;

Civil Engineering Company

A civil engineering company designs the structural elements, e.g., foundation, structural steel, concrete desks. At the same time, a construction company builds the structure created by civil engineers. A civil engineering company typically would only offer engineering and surveying services.

It simply defines the services they offer. A construction company can provide civil engineering services if they have the appropriate personnel on staff or a subcontractor they hire out for.

Civil engineering companies design the project and manage the construction while the construction company will build the project.

Civil engineering companies designs and specifies the scope of projects and may do projects like design roads or bridges. A construction firm does the actual building of the project and works with civil engineers to accomplish it.

Construction engineering is a part of civil engineering. A civil engineer can apply for any construction engineering job, but a construction engineer cannot apply for every civil engineering job.

Civil engineering companies deal with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, structural components of buildings, and railways.

Examples of Companies:

AECOM,  Bechtel Fluor Corporation L&T Engineering & Construction Company (L&T ECC), Hindustan Construction Company (HCC),  IRB Infrastructure, Sadbhav Engineering Limited, etc.

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Construction Contracting Company / General Contractors

A general Construction contractor, main contractor, or prime contractor is responsible for the day-to-day oversight of a construction site, management of vendors and trades, and the communication of information to all involved parties throughout the course of a building project.

A general contractor is responsible for providing all of the material, labor, equipment (such as engineering vehicles and tools), and services necessary for the construction of the project. A general contractor often hires specialized subcontractors to perform all or portions of the construction work.

Examples of Companies: 

Vinci Construction, Turner Constructions, Larsen and Toubro ECC, Shapoorji Pallonji Engineering & Construction (SPCL ), NCC

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Heavy Engineering and Construction

Companies in this industry construct Road (highways, streets) and dams, bridges; utility systems; and other heavy and civil engineering projects, including subdivisions of land.

Example of Companies:

Major companies include US-based Bechtel, Fluor, Granite Construction, Kiewit, and The Walsh Group, as well as ACS (Spain), China State Construction Engineering, Skanska (Sweden), VINCI (France), L&T ECC, & SPCL Group.

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Industrial Infrastructural companies

Industrial Infrastructure means any site, structure, building, industrial park, water dock, wharf or port facilities, fixtures, machinery, equipment, and related facility, including real and personal property, or any combination thereof, suitable as a factory, mill, or shop, or processing, assembly, manufacturing or fabricating project, etc.

Infrastructure is the term for the basic physical systems of a business or nation — transportation, communication, sewage, water, and electric systems are all examples of infrastructure. Projects related to infrastructure improvements may be funded publicly, privately, or through public-private partnerships.

Industrial construction, industrial infrastructure is a specific form of building that requires expert training and highly experienced workers who can multi-task. Many industrial construction companies are large, multi-national firms. Projects are run by a bevy of managers, engineers, and architects.

The construction companies involved in the construction of infrastructures like captive power plants, water supply, roads, waste management, drainage, effluent treatment, bridges, dams, roads, and urban infrastructure development are the

Example of Companies:

Balfour Beatty, Hochtief, Reliance Infrastructure, GMR, IRB, etc.

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EPC- Engineering, Procurement, and Construction Companies

EPC stands for Engineering, Procurement, and Construction, a prominent form of contracting agreement in the construction industry.

These construction companies, the engineering and construction contractor, will carry out the detailed engineering design of the project, procure all the equipment and materials necessary, and then construct to deliver a functioning facility or asset to their clients. Companies that deliver EPC Projects are commonly referred to as EPC Contractors or EPC Companies.

Example of Companies:

Fluor, CB & I, WorleyParsons, Sterling and Wilson, Technip, Samsung Engineering, Shriram EPC, etc.

PMC – Project Management Consultant

PMC stands for Project Management Consultant or Project Management Contract. Under a project management contract, an engineering contractor will overlook the EPC Contractors work to ensure compliance with the client’s work scope.

Project Management Consultants manage the Project by applying their Knowledge, Skills, and Experience at various stages.

However, at the same time, these types of construction companies, PMC also has to face various challenges like Design Issues, Constructability Issues, Long lead material Issues, Inter Contractor Coordination Issues, Engineering Issues, Safety Issues, etc. which can be tackled only by a well-organized approach of the PMC.

Example of Companies:

Mott MacDonald, Amec Foster Wheeler, KBR, Tata Consulting Engineers (TCE), AMs Project Consultants, etc.
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Real Estate Companies

Real estate is “property consisting of land and the buildings on it, along with its natural resources such as crops, minerals or water; immovable property of this nature; an interest vested in this an item of real property, buildings or housing in general.

Real estate is the property, land, buildings, air rights above the land, and underground rights below the land. The term real estate means real, or physical, property. “Real” comes from the Latin root res or things. … The U.S. Constitution initially restricted voting rights to only owners of real estate.

Example of Companies

Lodha Group, Godrej Property, Sobha Group, Brigade Group, L&T Realty, etc.

Residential Real Estate Companies

Residential real estate is an area developed for people to live in. As defined by local zoning ordinances, residential real estate cannot be used for commercial or industrial purposes. Such laws vary from location to location and restrict how many buildings are allowed on a single block and what kinds of municipal services reach those buildings.

Commercial Real Estate Companies

Commercial real estate (CRE) is property used exclusively for business purposes or to provide a workspace rather than a living space. Most often, commercial real estate is leased to tenants to conduct business.

This category of real estate ranges from a single gas station to a huge shopping center. Commercial real estate includes retailers of all kinds, office space, hotels, strip malls, restaurants, and convenience stores.

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MEP Contractors

MEP stands for Mechanical, Electrical, and Plumbing, a type of engineering that focuses on creating a safe environment for human use.

For any construction or renovation project, an MEP consulting firm is just as important as an architect or a builder. Mechanical, Electrical, and Plumbing aspects are often designed by an engineering firm specializing in MEP known as MEP Consultant or MEP contractor.

Example of Companies

Sterling And Wilson, Perfect Infraengineers, EVAC, VAYA MEP Engineers.

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Small Renovation Contractors

Small Renovation Contractors refer to those contractors who provide planned renovation to offices, buildings, houses, etc., of various business projects. The term “small renovation contractor” denotes a contractor who takes up projects for the planned renovation of a small area such as an office, building, place of work, etc.

Example of Companies

You can check the local renovation contractor here: Check here 

Allied Services

As part of the project development, many associated services are a must to provide a comprehensive solution. Specialized allied services, such as:

  • Refurbishment of Hangars
  • Automation of Hangar Doors
  • Erection & Painting of Heavy Steel Structures
  • Re-development
  • Restoration & Improvement of Buildings & Services
  • HVAC
  • LIFT & Elevators
  • Fire Detection & Fire Fighting
  • Rain Water Harvesting
  • Resurfacing of Runways
  • Electrical & Plumbing
  • Internal Water Supply
  • Plumbing
  • Internal Electrification
  • Fire Detection
  • Fire Fighting
  • Lift & Elevators

  • LAN
  • Air Conditioning
  • Acoustic
  • Interiors
  • Furniture and Wood Work
  • Water Treatment Plant
  • CCTV Surveillance
  • External Water Supply
  • External Electrification
  • HT Line with DG Works
  • Area Drainage
  • Sewage Disposal
  • Sewage Treatment Plant
  • Arboriculture
  • Road Works
  • EOT Cranes
  • Automation of Hangar Doors
  • Over Head Water Tanks
  • Racking and Warehousing Solutions
  • Rapid Structures
  • Mechanical Works

Example of Companies

You can easily find the contractor companies specialized in the above construction allied services in your local cities.
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Final Words

Apart from the above-listed company types, other various construction-related businesses need to be considered,d like construction equipment manufacturers & distributors, Architects, and Design Professionals, Subcontractors & Specialty Trades, and other construction services.

If you plan to start a construction business, kindly check our guide on How To Start A Construction Business, Construction Company In 2021. 

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