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Various types of Eco-friendly Materials in Construction?

Last Updated on May 7, 2021 by Admin

With the massive growth in the population and increased consumption of resources, humans slowly realize the significance of renewable energy. Green technology is gradually garnering attention, and there is rapid advancement in this industry. We are discussing here the various types of eco friendly materials in construction projects.


There are so many different Eco friendly Materials in Construction materials that are energy efficient and do not bear ill effects on the environment. While there are many, only a few of them stand out due to their availability, cost, and reliability.

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Eco friendly Materials in Construction

We are discussing here the different types of eco friendly materials used in construction projects.


1. Green Concrete

Green concrete is a technology that was invented to promote sustainability within the environment. It comprises recycled and waste materials such as mining wastes, glass wastes, mud, sawdust, burnt clay, etc.

This eco-friendly material is low maintenance and long-lasting. It was designed while keeping in mind the entire construction life cycle, including the structural design, parameters, production, and maintenance. There are no harmful emissions released while using green concrete and reduced emission of CO2 into the atmosphere. It is also thermal and fire-resistant and has a long-lasting life.

2. Plastic bricks – An Eco friendly Materials

plastic bricks an eco friendly Materials

With an ever-increasing challenge in the disposal of plastic, technology has found a way to tackle this problem. An innovative concept has been developed where plastic is being reused. It is mixed with cement aggregates and made into the shape of bricks. This has proven to be a spectacular solution for eradicating plastic waste. Plastic material has a high ratio of tensile strength and weight.

They are also lighter than traditional bricks and have superb noise and heat-insulating properties that are more than five times that of standard bricks. So far, it has been used for highways and railway infrastructure and can be used for buildings. This eco-friendly construction material promotes a sustainable environment and reduces the amount of waste generated on land and in water bodies.


3. Bamboo

bamboo material

Bamboo has been used as a building material for centuries now. It is a similar material to wood and, in recent times, has also been preferred more often due to the scarcity of timber. Bamboo has rapid regenerative properties. Due to its hard-wearing nature and low cost, it is used in the construction industry. Bamboo mat corrugated sheets are often used as a substitute for plastic, asbestos, and corrugated metal used for roofing purposes. Bamboo roofing sheets are eco-friendly material and have a high tolerance to extreme weathering conditions. They are also easy to install.

4. Bagasse particleboard

eco friendly Materials

Bagasse is a by-product of sugar cane. It is the fibrous residue of sugarcane after it is crushed. Since it is entirely made up of natural materials, it is easily composted in a short span without causing harm to the environment. Bagasse is already being used as a biofuel to produce energy, heat, and electricity and be used as a building material. Bagasse products are considered to be an excellent alternative to plywood. They are used for building furniture and even wall partitions.

5. Rice husk Ash concrete

rice husk concrete an eco friendly material in construction

Rice husk ash is a product of burning rice husk. The charred remains are then mixed with concrete to increase the workability of the concrete. Rice husk ash concrete shows better bond strength when compared to Portland cement. The compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strength of the material are more significant than ordinary concrete. It is resistant to corrosion and chemicals. Rice husk ash concrete is one of its kind eco friendly materials. its high-performance material can be used for small and large scale applications as an insulator, on industrial floorings, in bathrooms and swimming pools, etc.


6. AAC blocks

Ash blocks

AAC blocks also called Autoclaved Aerated Concrete blocks, are prepared out of industrial waste materials. They can be made into any shape or size. This material is the perfect example of converting waste materials into usable construction materials. They are energy efficient, resistant to earthquakes, mold-resistant, fire-resistant, cost-cutting and have a longer life. They are generally used in the construction of wall partitions, roofing panels, floor panels, etc.

7. Porotherm bricks -An Eco friendly Materials

porotherm an eco friendly Materials

Porotherm bricks are the following best eco-friendly building materials that everyone should be aware of! It is made up of clay mixed with other natural products like rice ash husk, sawdust, coal ash, etc. Porotherm hollow bricks are hollow from the inside, which makes them lightweight. Even so, they are more durable than conventional bricks. Some of their features include light-weight, low water absorption, fire-proof, and thermally insulated. Porotherm bricks have a life span that lasts more than 150 years. This building material allows for substantial savings as it is low-priced.

8. TMT bars

TMT Bars Construction materials

TMT bars are otherwise known as Thermo-Mechanically Treated bars. These steel bars have a soft inner core covered by a tough outer layer. TMT bars are used in all kinds of applications under construction, including residential buildings, commercial buildings, bridges, factories, etc. TMT bars have high strength, corrosion-resistant, and earthquake-resistant, which enables them to have a long-lasting life.

9. Fly ash bricks

fly ash bricks an eco friendly Materials

Fly Ash bricks are made of waste products without releasing any harmful toxins into the environment. This green building material absorbs less heat and water, thereby making it more preferable over clay bricks. The composition of fly ash bricks is uniform and robust. Since they are lightweight, they reduce the dead load on buildings. The method of manufacturing these bricks is energy efficient. All in all, fly ash bricks promote sustainability and reduce the overall cost and wastage of building materials.

About the Author:

Article contributed by T. Srujana.

Srujana is a writer for BuildersMart Blog.


BuildersMART is an E-commerce website that acts as a platform for real estate services, procuring building and eco friendly building materials & construction materials, and other services starting from design until its completion.

BuildersMART showcases a wide range of building materials from all brands in the market and facilitates customers to directly contact manufacturers, distributors, and all other ecosystem partners.

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