With huge growth in the population and increased consumption of resources, humans are slowly realizing the significance of renewable energy. Green technology is slowly garnering attention and there is rapid advancement in this industry. We are discussing here about the various types of eco friendly materials in construction projects.
There are so many different Eco friendly Materials in Construction materials that are energy efficient and do not bear ill effects on the environment. While there are many, only a few of them stand out due to their availability, cost, and reliability.
Eco friendly Materials in Construction
We are discussing here the different types of eco friendly materials used in the construction projects.
Green concrete is a technology that was invented to promote sustainability within the environment. It is made up of recycled and waste materials such as mining wastes, glass wastes, mud, sawdust, burnt clay, etc.
This eco friendly material is low-maintenance and long-lasting. It was designed while keeping in mind the entire construction life cycle including the structural design, parameters, production, and maintenance. There are no harmful emissions released while using green concrete and reduced emission of CO2 into the atmosphere. It is also thermal and fire-resistant and has a long-lasting life.
Plastic bricks – An Eco friendly Materials
With an ever-increasing challenge in the disposal of plastic, technology has found a way to tackle this problem. An innovative concept has been developed where plastic is being reused. It is mixed with cement aggregates and made into the shape of bricks. This has proven to be a spectacular solution for eradicating plastic waste. Plastic material has a high ratio of tensile strength and weight.
They are also lighter than traditional bricks and have superb noise and heat-insulating properties that are more than 5 times that of normal bricks. So far, it has been used for highways and railway infrastructure and can be used for buildings. This eco-friendly construction material promotes a sustainable environment and will reduce the amount of waste that is generated on land and in water bodies.
Bamboo has been used as a building material for centuries now. It is a comparable material to wood and, in recent times, has also been preferred more often due to the scarcity of the wood. Bamboo has rapid regenerative properties. Due to its hard-wearing nature and low cost, it is used in the construction industry. Bamboo mat corrugated sheets are often used as a substitute for plastic, asbestos and corrugated metal that is used for roofing purposes. Bamboo roofing sheets are eco-friendly material and have a high tolerance to extreme weathering conditions. They are also easy to install.
Bagasse is a by-product of sugar cane. It is the fibrous residue of sugarcane after it is crushed. Since it is entirely made up of natural materials, it is easily composted in a short span without causing harm to the environment. Bagasse is already being used as a biofuel for producing energy, heat and electricity and can also be used as a building material. Bagasse products are considered to be a good alternative to plywood. They are used for building furniture and even wall partitions.
Rice husk Ash concrete
Rice husk ash is a product of burning rice husk. The burned remains are then mixed with concrete to increase the workability of the concrete. Rice husk ash concrete shows better bond strength when compared to Portland cement. The compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strength of the material is greater than ordinary concrete. It is resistant to corrosion and chemicals. Rice husk ash concrete is one of its kind a eco friendly materials. its high-performance material can be used for both small and large scale applications as an insulator, on industrial floorings, in bathrooms and swimming pools, etc.
AAC blocks also called Autoclaved Aerated Concrete blocks are prepared out of industrial waste materials. They can be made into any shape or size. This material is the perfect example of converting waste materials into usable construction materials. They are energy efficient, resistant to earthquakes, mould resistant, fire-resistant, cost-cutting and have a longer life. They are generally used in the construction of wall partitions, roofing panels, floor panels, etc.
Porotherm bricks -An Eco friendly Materials
Porotherm bricks are the next best eco-friendly building materials that everyone should be aware about! It is made up of clay mixed with other natural products like rice ash husk, sawdust, coal ash, etc. Porotherm hollow bricks are hollow from the inside which makes them lightweight. Even so, they are more durable than conventional bricks. Some of their features include light-weight, low water absorption, fire-proof and thermally insulated. Porotherm bricks have a life span that lasts more than 150 years. This building material allows for substantial savings as it is low-priced.
TMT bars are otherwise known as Thermo-Mechanically Treated bars. These steel bars have a soft inner core covered by a tough outer layer. TMT bars are used in all kinds of applications under construction including residential buildings, commercial buildings, bridges, factories, etc. TMT bars have high strength, corrosion-resistant and are earthquake resistant which enables them to have a long-lasting life.
Fly ash bricks
Fly Ash bricks are made of waste products without releasing any harmful toxins into the environment. This green building material absorbs less heat and water, thereby making it more preferable over clay bricks. The composition of fly ash bricks is uniform and strong. Since they are lightweight, they reduce the dead load on buildings. The method of manufacturing these bricks is energy efficient. All in all, fly ash bricks promote sustainability and reduce the overall cost and wastage of building materials.
About the Author
Article contributed by T. Srujana.
Srujana is a writer for BuildersMart Blog.
BuildersMART is an E-commerce website that acts as a platform for real estate services, procuring building and eco friendly building materials & construction materials and other services starting from design until its completion.
BuildersMART showcases a wide range of building materials from all brands in the market and facilitates customers to get in touch directly with manufacturers, distributors, and all other ecosystem partners.