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Civil Engineering GATE Syllabus For GATE 2023 Examination

Last Updated on July 14, 2022 by Admin

A GATE syllabus for a Civil Engineering examination. The article breaks down all the topics and objectives of the syllabus for those who are studying for GATE 2023.


Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a national examination conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, and the seven Indian Institutes of Technology (at Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, and Roorkee) on behalf of the National Coordination Board (NCB) GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education (MoE), Government of India.

What is GATE Examination

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a national examination of the comprehensive understanding of the candidates in various undergraduate subjects in Engineering / Technology / Architecture and post-graduate level subjects in Arts, Commerce, and Science.


Qualifying in GATE is a mandatory requirement for seeking admission and/or financial assistance
to: (i) Master’s programs and direct Doctoral programs in Engineering/Technology/Architecture and (ii) Doctoral programs in relevant branches of Arts and Science in the institutions supported by the MoE and other Government agencies.

The GATE 2023 examination will probably be conducted in February every year. The GATE examination is conducted in different cities across India. The examination would be purely a Computer Based Test (CBT).

The GATE score would reflect the relative performance level of the candidate in a particular subject, which is quantified based on several years of examination data. The GATE score is valid for THREE YEARS from the results announcement date.

GATE is administered jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (namely, IITs at Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, and Roorkee).

For administrative purposes, the examination cities in India are segregated into eight zones. A Zonal GATE Office manages the operations related to GATE in each of the eight zones at the administering institute (IIT or IISc). The GATE Committee comprises representatives from the administering institutes and is the sole authority for regulating the examination and declaring the results.

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One of the administering institutes is designated as the Organising Institute (OI), and it would be
responsible for the end-to-end process, as well as the overall coordination amongst the
administering institutes for conducting the GATE Examination.

The Organising Institute for GATE 2022 was the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IITKGP). Organising Institute For the GATE 2023 would be IIT Kanpur.

Following are the Zone Administering Institute Zonal Websites;

  • Zone-1 Indian Institute of Science Bangalore
  • Zone-2 Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
  • Zone-3 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
  • Zone-4 Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati
  • Zone-5 Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
  • Zone-6 Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
  • Zone-7 Indian Institute of Technology Madras
  • Zone-8 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee

Use of GATE Score for Employment

In the past, several Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) have used the GATE score to shortlist the
candidates for employment.

A few such organizations are Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL), Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC), Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) and Power Grid Corporation of India (PGCI).

Direct recruitment to Group A level posts in Central government, i.e., Senior Field Officer (Tele), Senior Research Officer (Crypto), and Senior Research Officer (S&T) in Cabinet Secretariat, Government of India, is now being carried out based on GATE score.


The details of the recruitment scheme usually are published in National Newspapers / Employment News / Rozgar Samachar by the concerned authority. Government engineering jobs may also utilize the GATE scores for their recruitment purpose.

Even in some colleges and institutions, which admit students without MoE scholarship/assistantship, the GATE qualification is mandatory. Further, many Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) have used the GATE score in their recruitment process.

Note: GATE qualification does not assure a PSU job, as that depends on the recruitment procedure of the concerned PSU. The GATE committee is NOT responsible for any employment opportunities. The qualified candidates must check newspapers and other reliable sources for such information. GATE committee is NOT liable for any legal obligations related to jobs.

GATE Civil engineering Syllabus

The syllabus of the GATE Examination is comprised of General aptitude and Candidate selected subject. Kindly check the below sections for the details GATE Civil Engineering syllabus.

For reference following is the syllabus of the GATE 2022 examination. The official notification for GATE 2023 is not out yet. We will update here the same when it is published.

1. General Aptitude

a. Verbal Aptitude

Basic English grammar: tenses, articles, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions, verb-noun agreement, and other parts of speech Basic vocabulary: words, idioms, and phrases in context Reading and comprehension Narrative sequencing

b. Quantitative Aptitude

Data interpretation: graphs (bar graphs, pie charts, and other graphs representing data), 2- and 3-dimensional plots, maps, and tables. Numerical computation and estimation: ratios, percentages, powers, exponents and logarithms, permutations and combinations, and series Mensuration and Elementary geometry statistics and probability

c. Analytical Aptitude

Logic: deduction and induction, Analogy, Numerical relations, and reasoning

d. Spatial Aptitude

Transformation of shapes: translation, rotation, scaling, mirroring, assembling, and grouping Paper folding, cutting, and patterns in 2 and 3 dimensions.

Civil Engineering Subjects-wise GATE Syllabus

Kindly check below the GATE Civil engineering syllabus for your reference for the upcoming GATE 2023 examination.

Section 1: Engineering Mathematics

Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.

Calculus: Functions of a single variable; Limit, continuity, and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima, and minima; Taylor series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities; Directional derivatives; Line, Surface, and Volume integrals.


Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler Cauchy equations; initial and boundary value problems.

Partial Differential Equation (PDE): Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of one-
dimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and two-
dimensional Laplace equation.

Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode, and standard deviation; Random Variables – Discrete and Continuous, Poisson and Normal Distribution; Linear regression.

Numerical Methods: Error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials; numerical differentiation; Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations.

Section 2: Structural Engineering

Engineering Mechanics: System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Frictions and their applications; Centre of mass; Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system.

Solid Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stressband strain relationships; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, Transformation of stress; buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.

Structural Analysis: Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables, and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.

Construction Materials and Management: Construction Materials: Structural Steel – Composition,
material properties and behavior; Concrete – Constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term

Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Project planning and network
analysis – PERT and CPM; Cost estimation.

 Concrete Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of beams, slabs,
columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete beams.

Steel Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam-columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders, and trusses; Concept of plastic analysis -beams and frames.

Section 3: Geotechnical Engineering

Soil Mechanics: Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one-dimensional flow, Seepage through soils – two – dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping, capillarity, seepage force; Principle of effective stress and quicksand condition; Compaction of soils; One- dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Shear Strength, Mohr’s circle, effective and total shear strength parameters, Stress-Strain characteristics of clays and sand; Stress paths.

Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations – Drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration, and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes – Finite and infinite slopes, Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s theory; Pressure bulbs, Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, the effect of the water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations – dynamic and static formulae, Axial load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, pile under lateral loading, pile group efficiency, negative skin friction.

Section 4: Water Resources Engineering

Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum, and energy equations and
their applications; Potential flow, Laminar, and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept
of boundary layer and its growth; Concept of lift and drag.

Hydraulics: Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, uniform flow, gradually varied flow, and water surface profiles.

Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapotranspiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, reservoir capacity, flood estimation, routing, surface run-off models, groundwater hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s Law.

Irrigation: Types of irrigation systems and methods; Crop water requirements – Duty, delta, evapotranspiration; Gravity Dams and Spillways; Lined and unlined canals, Design of weirs on a permeable foundation; cross drainage structures.

Section 5: Environmental Engineering

Water and Waste Water Quality and Treatment: Basics of water quality standards – Physical,
chemical, and biological parameters; Water quality index; Unit processes and operations; Water
requirement; Water distribution system; Drinking water treatment. Sewerage system design, the quantity of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment.

Effluent discharge standards; Sludge disposal; Reuse of treated sewage for different applications. Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution control, air quality standards, Air Quality Index, and limits.

Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection, and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment, and disposal).

Section 6: Transportation Engineering

Transportation Infrastructure: Geometric design of highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments. Geometric design of railway Track – Speed and Cant. Concept of airport runway length, calculations, and corrections; taxiway and exit taxiway design.

Highway Pavements: Highway materials – desirable properties and tests; Desirable properties of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible and rigid pavement using IRC codes

Traffic Engineering: Traffic studies on flow and speed, peak hour factor, accident study, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Traffic signs; Signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections; Highway capacity.

Section 7: Geomatics Engineering

Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system; Distance and
angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric leveling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total
station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing – Scale, flying height; Basics of remote sensing and GIS.

GATE Civil Engineering Question Pattern and Marking

The GATE 2022 paper is for a total of 100 marks, General Aptitude (GA) is common for all papers (15 marks), and the rest of the paper covers the respective syllabus (85 marks).

  • Examination Mode: Computer Based Test (CBT)
  • Duration : 3 hours (180 minutes)
  • Sections: General aptitude (GA)+Civil Engineering (CE) subject
  • Number of Questions: 10 (GA) + 55 (subject) = 65 Questions
  • Type of Questions: (a) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) (b) Multiple Select Questions (MSQ) and/or Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions
  • Distribution of Marks: General Aptitude: 15 Marks + Engineering Mathematics: 13 Marks + Subject Questions: 72 Marks = Total: 100 Marks
  • Marking Scheme: Questions carry 1 mark and 2 marks

The notification for the GATE 2023 is not out yet; you can refer to the above GATE Civil engineering syllabus and marking guidelines for the GATE 2023.


In this article, we have covered the syllabus for the Civil Engineering GATE examination. The syllabus covers all the topics asked in the examination and gives a detailed overview. It is important to note that there are no shortcuts when studying for this exam and that you should ensure you understand every topic covered before attempting the questions. Also, check these best books for your GATE 2023 exam preparation. Good luck!

Related Posts:


What are the main topics included in the GATE syllabus for Civil Engineering?

The major topics included in the GATE CE Syllabus are Engineering Mathematics, Structural engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Water Resource engineering, Environmental engineering, Transportation engineering, and Geometics Engineering.

How many different parts are there in GATE Civil Engineering Syllabus?

The GATE Civil engineering exam comprises of; General Aptitude: 15 Marks , Engineering Mathematics: 13 Marks  and Subject Questions: 72 Marks = Total: 100 Marks

What is GATE Civil Engineering Exam Duration?

CE GATE Exam duration is Duration : 3 hours (180 minutes).

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