green job and green careers
Environmental Engineering

What are Green Jobs? Guide to Green Careers for 2024

Last Updated on February 26, 2024 by Admin

Green jobs are jobs that help improve the environment. They often involve air quality, green building, recycling, and renewable energy. Green careers will be gaining importance in 2024 because of the rapid construction of new buildings and the increasing demand for environmentally friendly products.


What is a green job?

Green jobs contribute to the environment in traditional sectors such as manufacturing and construction or emerging green sectors like renewable energy.

Green jobs or green-collared jobs, also called sustainability jobs, eco jobs, or environmental jobs, are, according to the United Nations Environment Program, “work in agricultural, manufacturing, research and development (R&D), administrative, and service activities that contribute(s) substantially to preserving or restoring environmental quality. Specifically, but not exclusively, this includes jobs that help protect ecosystems and biodiversity; reduce energy, materials, and water consumption through high-efficiency strategies; de-carbonize the economy; and minimize or altogether avoid the generation of all forms of waste and pollution.


Green jobs, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, are classified as “jobs in business that produce goods or services that benefit the environment or conserve natural resources” or “jobs in which workers’ duties involve making their establishment’s production processes more environmentally friendly or use fewer natural resources.”

The Bureau of Labor Statistics categorizes Green Jobs into water conservation, Sustainable forestry, Biofuels, Geothermal energy, environmental remediation, sustainable green homes, Sustainability, Energy auditors, Recycling, Electric Vehicles, Solar power, and Wind energy.

These definitions include jobs that seek to use or develop renewable forms of energy (i.e., wind, hydropower, geothermal, wind, landfill gas, and municipal solid waste) and increase their efficiency.

Under the green jobs domain, education, training, and public awareness are also included. These jobs seek to enforce regulations, support education and increase general influence for the benefit of the environment.

Importance of Green jobs

Green jobs are respectable jobs that contribute to preserving or restoring the environment, be they in traditional sectors such as manufacturing and construction or in new, emerging green sectors such as renewable energy and energy efficiency.

Green jobs help:

  • Enhance energy and raw materials efficiency
  • Limit greenhouse gas emissions
  • Minimize waste and pollution
  • Protect and rejuvenate ecosystems
  • Support adaptation to the effects of climate change

At the enterprise level, green jobs can produce goods or provide services that benefit the environment, for example, green buildings or clean transportation.

However, these green outputs (products and services) are not always based on green production processes and technologies. Therefore green jobs can also be differentiated by contributing to more environmentally friendly operations.

For example, green jobs can reduce water consumption or improve recycling systems. Yet, green jobs defined through production processes do not necessarily produce environmental goods or services.

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What are Green Skills?

Green skills are the employment skills that relate to careers in sustainability. This includes engineering, architecture, construction, and renewable energy. These areas of study often focus on climate change, ecology, and low-carbon transportation.

Green skills are becoming increasingly important as the shift away from fossil fuels continues. More jobs are opening up in the green sector than in any other industry.

Employers need people with these skills to work in global warming research, analysis, and advocacy. Jobs like this help maintain healthy ecosystems on Earth while mitigating climate change’s effects.


There are many reasons to learn green skills. The first reason is that good jobs are available in the green economy. The second reason is that being green is good for the environment. A third reason is that it reduces your carbon footprint and can help save the earth.

Types of Green Jobs

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) defines green jobs as “positions in agriculture, manufacturing, R&D, administrative, and service activities to substantially preserve or restore environmental quality.”

In other words, environmental jobs aim to protect and promote the environment or those that consider their impact on the planet’s health and endeavor to minimize it. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), this type of job:

  • Improves efficient consumption of energy and raw materials.
  • Limits greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Minimizes waste and contamination.
  • Protects and restores ecosystems.
  • Contributes to adaptation to climate change.

Careers in the Sustainable Future

Green jobs are good for you, the environment, and the economy.

The transition to a decarbonized economy is essential to halting climate change and is also a driver of economic growth with the potential to create millions of green jobs. We are talking about jobs aimed directly at protecting the environment or which seek to minimize the impact on the planet’s health.

According to the 2019 Report on the Emissions Gap published by the United Nations Organisation (ONU), global greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced by 7.6% per annum between 2020 and 2030 to reach the target of the Paris Agreement to limit global warming to 1.5 °C or 2.7% per annum to limit it to 2 °C.

Even if all the commitments of the Agreement are fulfilled, continues the report, temperatures will rise 3.2 °C by the end of the century, with the increasing frequency and intensity of the climate phenomena that have devastated the planet in recent years.

In light of the situation, humankind needs to speed up the transition toward a decarbonized economy that respects the environment.

Such a transition can halt climate change and become a fundamental driver of growth by creating numerous green jobs in many sectors, which has been happening in the last few years in prosperous and emerging economies alike.

The circular economy, which involves reusing, repairing, or recycling, increasing sustainable manufacturing and consumption, will also create green jobs.

As well as reducing waste, the circular economy will save energy and prevent irreversible damage in terms of the climate, biodiversity, and air, ground, and water pollution caused by our exploitation of resources at a rate faster than the planet can replace them.

Where to Find a Green Job

As a result of the decarbonization of the economy and the development of the circular economy, jobs of the future will be created, with existing jobs adapting to the new green reality. According to the experts, these are the sectors with the most potential to create green jobs:

Booming sectors with Green Jobs
Image Source: https://www.weforum.org/

Thriving Sectors with Green Jobs


According to the International Renewable Energies Agency (IRENA), renewable energies created more than 500,000 new jobs in the world in 2017 — an increase of 5.3% from 2016 —and it is estimated that the sector now employs more than 10 million people.

Jobs that require advanced qualifications in the renewable energy sector, such as senior engineers in thermosolar plants, are the best paid green jobs in the world.


According to the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), the organic agriculture market is still growing worldwide, in many cases in double-digit figures.

In the United States, the world’s largest market, organic food sales increased by 6.4% in 2017, reaching 43,700 million euros. In the meantime, Europe experienced growth of 10.5%, reaching 37,300 million euros.


European policies require increasingly high recycling rates and establish ever-stricter ecodesign criteria. Adding too many consumers’ environmental awareness, this fact has made ecodesign — from packaging to building roofs and various products — a booming source of jobs.


In a society increasingly concerned with the planet’s health, ecological tourism — or ecotourism — is a rising trend. This sector creates jobs related to activities such as the design of adventure experiences, the creation of high mountain trails, the discovery of protected areas, and the renewal of the rural regions, such as ecovillages, at risk of disappearance.


This sector is responsible for more than 30% of CO2 emissions in the European Union (EU), 72% of which come from road transport. Many countries have already adopted measures to reduce transport emissions drastically.

The EU will cut these by 60% compared to 1990 levels for 2050, creating job opportunities in the electric vehicles, public transport, and electrified railway goods haulage.

Type of training required?

Due to the wide range of green jobs available today, there is no single training profile for those known as green-collar workers. Besides degrees, courses, and postgraduate courses specializing in ecology, green training for a specific job consists of environmental engineering specialization within a sector.

An engineer wanting to work in the energy sector will have to specialize in everything to do with renewable energy, energy efficiency, and decarbonization of the economy. People who work designing packaging, for example, must have a command of environmentally friendly materials. Likewise, a lawyer interested in protecting nature must specialize in environmental law.

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Green Job Profiles

Many green skills have seen double-digit and triple-digit growth on LinkedIn over the last few years. Some of the fastest-growing green jobs are ecosystem management, environmental policy, and sustainable procurement.

While many of these skills are highly specialized and are focused on traditional green careers, such as environmental scientists, sustainability managers, or wildlife biologists, we also see a growing trend of green skills among professionals in roles that are not traditionally considered “green.”

Following are some of the most prominent job profiles in the Green Industry.

Image Source: https://www.iberdrola.com/

Green Careers List

This list encompasses a broad range of job titles across various sectors related to agriculture, environmental conservation, renewable energy, and sustainability. Here’s a short description of the roles associated with each Green job title:

  • Agricultural Scientist: Research and develop techniques to improve the efficiency and safety of agricultural establishments and products.
  • Agricultural Specialist: Provides expertise and support for agricultural practices, often focusing on a specific crop or livestock.
  • Agriculture: Encompasses a variety of roles focused on farming, including cultivation, livestock care, and crop production management.
  • Alternative Energy Experts and Technicians: Specialize in renewable energy sources, developing and maintaining alternative energy projects like solar and wind power.
  • Architecture: Involves designing buildings and structures, often with an emphasis on sustainability and environmental impact.
  • Arctic Issues & Northern Jobs: Focus on environmental, social, and economic issues unique to the Arctic and northern regions, including resource management and conservation.
  • Bicycling Jobs: Include roles promoting cycling, bicycle design and manufacturing, and urban planning to accommodate bicycles.
  • Chemical Engineering: Engineers who develop processes and products by applying principles of chemistry, biology, physics, and math, including environmentally friendly materials and fuels.
  • Climate Change Jobs: Roles focused on mitigating and researching climate change, including policy development, advocacy, and scientific research.
  • Climate Change Scientist: Conduct research to understand climate change, its impacts on the natural and human world, and develop predictions for future changes.
  • Conservation Officer: Enforce laws and regulations to protect wildlife and natural resources, often working in parks or protected areas.
  • Conservation Scientist: Research and implement strategies for managing, protecting, and restoring natural habitats and wildlife populations.
  • Conservation, Nature, Wilderness: Various roles focused on preserving natural environments, wildlife, and ecosystems.
  • Eco Artists, Performers, and Writers: Use their creative skills to raise awareness and promote sustainability and environmental conservation.
  • Ecologist: Study ecosystems to understand how organisms interact with each other and their environments.
  • Ecotourism Jobs: Focus on sustainable travel practices that conserve the environment and improve the well-being of local people.
  • Electric Car Engineer: Design and develop electric vehicles and their components, focusing on sustainability and reducing carbon emissions.
  • Energy Manager: Oversee energy use in organizations, aiming to improve efficiency and reduce energy consumption and costs.
  • Environmental Consultant: Provide advice on environmental practices, helping businesses comply with regulations and improve their environmental performance.
  • Environmental Education Jobs: Educate people of all ages about the natural world and how to conserve and protect it.
  • Environmental Educators, Trainers, and Communicators: Specialize in informing and educating the public about environmental issues and conservation practices.
  • Environmental Engineer: Develop solutions to environmental problems, including pollution control, waste management, and sustainable design.
  • Environmental Health and Safety Officer: Ensure workplace safety and compliance with health and environmental regulations.
  • Environmental Health Officer: Focus on assessing and mitigating risks to public health and the environment.
  • Environmental Jobs: A broad category that includes any role focused on improving or protecting the natural environment.
  • Environmental Manager: Oversee environmental programs in organizations, ensuring compliance with environmental laws and promoting sustainable practices.
  • Environmental Scientist: Conduct research to identify, control, and eliminate pollutants and hazards to the environment and public health.
  • Environmental Scientists and Conservationists: Work on preserving natural resources and habitats, often conducting research and implementing conservation projects.
  • Environmental Technician: Assist in the study and analysis of environmental conditions and the mitigation of environmental hazards.
  • Farm Manager: Oversee the daily operations of a farm, including crop and livestock management.
  • Forestry: Involves the management, conservation, and sustainable development of forests for resources like timber.
  • Forestry Manager / Forester: Manage forests for conservation, recreation, and resource extraction, ensuring sustainable practices.
  • Gardening & Landscaping: Design, create, and maintain gardens and landscapes, often with a focus on sustainability and native plant use.
  • Government: Roles within government agencies focused on environmental regulation, conservation, and policy development.
  • Government & Municipal Jobs: Include a variety of positions in local, state, and federal government focused on environmental regulation, urban planning, and public works.
  • Green & Sustainable Business: Roles focused on developing and managing businesses in an environmentally sustainable manner.
  • Green Building Designers: Specialize in designing buildings that are energy-efficient, environmentally friendly, and sustainable.
  • Green Building Jobs: Involve constructing or retrofitting buildings to meet sustainable design standards.
  • Green Consultants: Advise businesses and organizations on how to become more sustainable and environmentally friendly.
  • Green Engineers: Develop technologies and systems that are environmentally sustainable, including renewable energy systems and green building technologies.
  • Green Entrepreneurs: Start and manage businesses that offer environmentally friendly products or services.
  • Indigenous | BIPOC: Roles focused on supporting Indigenous and BIPOC communities, often involving environmental justice, land rights, and cultural preservation.
  • International Development Jobs: Work on projects that improve living conditions in less developed countries, often with a focus on sustainability.
  • Local Food Jobs: Involve growing, processing, and selling locally produced food, promoting sustainability and community health.
  • Marine Biologist: Study marine organisms, their behaviors, and interactions with the environment, often focusing on conservation and management of marine ecosystems.
  • Nonprofits, Environmental Groups & Organizations: Work in various capacities to promote environmental conservation, education, and advocacy.
  • Nuclear Engineer: Develop and maintain nuclear equipment and systems, focusing on safety and efficiency.
  • Organic Farming, Urban Ag: Focus on sustainable agricultural practices without synthetic pesticides or fertilizers, including urban agriculture projects.
  • Recycling: Involves collecting, processing, and repurposing waste materials to reduce environmental impact.
  • Recycling & Waste Diversion: Focus on strategies and systems to reduce waste and promote recycling and reuse of materials.
  • Recycling Worker: Collect and sort recyclable materials, preparing them for processing and repurposing.
  • Renewable Energy: Roles focused on developing and maintaining renewable energy sources, such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric power.
  • Renewable Energy Engineer: Design, develop, and manage renewable energy projects, including solar, wind, and hydroelectric systems.
  • Solar Energy & Wind Energy Jobs: Specialize in the development, installation, and maintenance of solar and wind energy systems.
  • Solar Installer: Install and maintain solar panel systems on residential and commercial properties.
  • Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Installers: Specialize in installing solar PV systems to convert sunlight into electricity.
  • Summer Camp Jobs: Include roles at camps focused on outdoor education, environmental science, and conservation.
  • Sustainability Manager: Develop and implement strategies to improve sustainability and reduce environmental impact within organizations.
  • Sustainable Businesspeople: Entrepreneurs and business managers who focus on creating and running businesses in a sustainable and environmentally friendly manner.
  • Transportation: Roles focused on sustainable transportation solutions, including public transit, cycling infrastructure, and electric vehicles.
  • Urban Grower / Urban Farmer: Cultivate food in urban environments, promoting local food production and sustainable urban agriculture.
  • Virtual Volunteer Positions: Offer support to environmental and sustainability causes through remote or online volunteer work.
  • Virtual/Remote Positions: Include a variety of jobs that can be performed remotely, often related to environmental consulting, data analysis, and project management.
  • Volunteer Positions: Unpaid roles supporting environmental conservation, education, and advocacy efforts.
  • Water Quality Scientist: Study and monitor the quality of water, addressing pollution and ensuring safe water for ecosystems and human use.
  • Water Resources Engineer: Design and manage systems that collect, store, and distribute water, ensuring sustainable and efficient use.
  • Wildlife Biologist: Study wildlife and their ecosystems, focusing on conservation, management, and research.
  • Wind Energy Technician: Install, maintain, and repair wind turbines, contributing to renewable energy production.
  • Wind Turbine Technician: Specialize in the installation, maintenance, and operation of wind turbines.
  • Work Outdoors / In Nature: Encompasses a variety of roles that involve working directly with the natural environment, including conservation work and environmental education.
  • Work with Animals: Include roles such as veterinary services, wildlife management, and conservation efforts focusing on animal welfare and protection.

Final Takeaway

Green jobs examples span a wide range, from renewable energy technicians to environmental consultants, reflecting a growing sector committed to sustainability and environmental protection. These roles play a crucial part in sectors like agriculture, where green jobs in agriculture focus on sustainable farming practices and conservation. The importance of green jobs lies in their contribution to preserving the planet while promoting economic growth and social equity.

The term “green jobs” has gained traction on platforms like LinkedIn, where professionals and companies alike highlight their commitment to environmental sustainability. For students in class 12 and beyond, understanding what green jobs entail is becoming increasingly important as these roles offer viable career paths aligned with global sustainability goals.

In India, green jobs are on the rise, driven by the country’s efforts to combat climate change and transition to renewable energy sources. The benefits of green jobs are manifold, including reducing carbon emissions, conserving natural resources, and fostering a healthier environment. Resources such as green jobs PDFs and online green jobs boards offer valuable information for job seekers looking to enter this field.

With the advent of digital technology, green jobs remote opportunities are expanding, allowing professionals to contribute to environmental sustainability from anywhere in the world. Entry-level green jobs provide a gateway for individuals to start their careers in the green sector, offering a blend of learning and growth opportunities.

Platforms like the “Green Jobs Board Brown Girl Green” highlight the diversity and inclusivity within the green jobs market, showcasing opportunities for underrepresented communities. Whether it’s through a list of 10 green jobs, finding green roles in specific locations like Orlando, or exploring a concise list of 5 green jobs, the variety and scope of opportunities in this sector are vast.

Annual green jobs reports and resources like the green careers list serve as comprehensive guides for understanding the current trends, in-demand skills, and future prospects within the green economy. For those unsure of where to start, green careers quizzes offer a fun and informative way to discover potential career paths based on personal interests and values.

Green careers in remote settings are becoming increasingly common, offering flexibility and the chance to work on global sustainability projects. For high school students contemplating their future paths, green careers provide a promising option, blending passion for the environment with professional aspirations.

The green careers hub serves as a central resource for information on educational programs, job openings, and networking opportunities within the green economy. Moreover, green careers salary data indicates competitive compensation, reflecting the high value placed on skills and expertise in this field.

In summary, green jobs and careers represent a burgeoning sector characterized by diversity, innovation, and impact. From agriculture to renewable energy and beyond, these roles offer individuals the chance to contribute to a sustainable future while pursuing fulfilling and meaningful careers.

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Green Jobs FAQs

What Is a Green Job?

A green job is a position in any sector that contributes to preserving or restoring the environment, focusing on reducing carbon emissions, enhancing energy and resource efficiency, and promoting sustainability. These roles can range from renewable energy production to environmental conservation efforts.

Is There a Demand for Green Jobs?

Yes, there is a growing demand for green jobs globally as countries and companies increase their commitment to sustainability and environmental protection. This trend is driven by the need to combat climate change, transition to renewable energy, and build sustainable communities.

How Do I Start a Green Career?

Starting a green career often involves gaining education or training in fields related to environmental science, sustainability, renewable energy, or conservation. Volunteering for environmental projects, obtaining relevant certifications, and networking in sustainability-oriented circles can also pave the way for a career in this sector.

What Are Some Examples of Green Jobs?

Examples of green jobs include solar panel installer, environmental consultant, sustainable architect, wind turbine technician, conservation scientist, and urban farmer, among others. These roles contribute to creating a sustainable future across various industries.

What Are Green Skills for Jobs?

Green skills for jobs refer to the specific knowledge, abilities, and competencies required to perform tasks in a way that minimizes environmental impact, promotes sustainability, and supports the transition to a green economy. This includes skills in renewable energy technology, sustainable agriculture practices, and environmental policy and legislation.

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