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Technical Writing Skills For Engineers [2023 Updated Guide & Courses]

Last Updated on April 17, 2023 by Admin

We have discussed all you want about engineers’ technical report-writing skills here. A technical report can be defined as a document that explains the process, progress, and results of technical and/or scientific research or the nature of a problem. They communicate any information to the customers, colleagues, and seniors.


A technical report is a formal report designed to convey technical information in a clear and easily accessible format. It is divided into sections that allow different readers to access different levels of information.

What is Technical Writing?

Technical writing is writing or drafting technical communication used in technical and occupational fields, such as computer hardware and software, engineering, chemistry, aeronautics, robotics, finance, medical, consumer electronics, biotechnology, and forestry.

Technical writing is an audience-centered communication that gives a reader straightforward access to information.

The writer recognizes, respects, and addresses the importance of time in effective and efficient communication by providing documents written in specific formats using unambiguous languages to send accessible information. The reader, in turn, thoroughly understands the data to respond thoughtfully.


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Technical Report Writing For Engineers

For an engineer, it is necessary to interact with their teammates, seniors, and stakeholders regularly. They must write reports and give presentations on day-to-day activities related to projects.

Every engineer is also a writer; the technical report writing skill is an essential aspect of an engineer’s job profile. It plays an enormous role in shaping an engineer’s career at the workplace.

Also, engineering leaders must write extensively for their jobs and must be professional, reader-focused, and error-free.

In particular, what engineers write can affect productivity and the bottom line, so the written communication that engineers create must be clear and concise.


So, it is inevitable for an engineer to learn essential writing skills that he/she can apply in their daily activities on the job as an engineering leader.

Types of Technical Report Writing

Technical writing provides detail-oriented instruction to help users understand a specific skill. There are many types of technical reports.

Generally, technical reports are categorized into three following main types.

  • Traditional: Repair manuals, medical studies
  • End-user documentation: Electronics, consumer products
  • Technical marketing content: Press releases, catalogs

All these reports are used in many different situations in a business organization. Types of Technical Writing are mentioned below:

  • Technical-background report
  • Instructions report
  • Feasibility, recommendations, and evaluations report
  • Primary research report
  • Report-length report
  • Business prospectus
  • Technical specifications report, etc.
  • Standard operating policies and procedures.
  • Recommendation, feasibility, and evaluation reports.
  • Technical background reports.
  • Technical guides and handbooks
  • Primary research reports.
  • Business plans.
  • Technical specifications.

What is the Purpose of a Technical Report?

A technical report is used to communicate information to clients and others in the company. It also documents the equipment and procedures used in testing or research. The results are obtained so that the work can be repeated if necessary. The audience plays an essential role in the report. Importance of technical report writing


The primary purpose of an Engineering technical report is to present a solution to a problem to prompt action. Technical reports record your developing expertise and are a legal record of your work and decision-making.

A technical report is a document that describes the progress, process, or results of scientific or technological research. It also can include some recommendations and conclusions. Technical information may be considered grey literature because they rarely undergo comprehensive independent peer review before publication.

Technical reports are a great source of technical or scientific information. They can be written both for wider or internal distribution. To establish novelty, technical reports can be considered primary scientific papers when researchers don’t want to wait for academic journals to publish their work.

Essential Attributes Of Technical Writing

Being able to explain the characteristics of technical writing is essential, especially since the industry is all about explaining topics to others. Keeping these key technical writing attributes in mind will make your writing coherent and consistent:

  • Stick to a technical subject
  • Have a purpose
  • Maintain an objective
  • Convey solid information/facts/data
  • Be impersonal
  • Stay concise
  • Maintain direction
  • Keep style and format consistent
  • Content is archival
  • Properly cite contributions

Technical Report Writing Best Practices

Technical reports are a vital tool for engineers to communicate their ideas.

Engineer needs to learn technical report-writing skills to construct well-written engineering reports.

All engineers must write to communicate no matter what industry we work in, what engineering discipline, or what level job level need to know tips on recognizing what your readers need to see in or to stand and be able to write and layout clear, concise messages. Have a couple of your documents written so the readers can understand.

Engineers know how to write different technical reports, e.g., laboratory reports, research reports, design and feasibility reports, progress reports, consulting reports, etc., and the language, structure, style, and content issues you can encounter while reporting the results of your research.

  • Apply strategies for clear, concise, direct wording
  • Apply techniques to make what you write compelling by using active and dynamic wording and paying attention to tone
  • Recognizing your readers’ varying expertise and learning needs
  • Layout – emphasize significant information upfront and increase readability
  • Begin and end documents effectively
  • Organize documents logically
  • Present results and recommendations for senior management as well as for peers
  • Select illustrations that complement and clarify the text
  • Creating reusable templates


Documents commonly written by engineers are weekly reports, white papers, engineering/equipment specifications, equipment capital justifications, standard operating procedures, operating instructions, guidelines, equipment/plant outage reports, system descriptions, design criteria, inspection reports, etc.

Check these Best Business Writing Tools to give an edge to your technical writing skill in 2020 and beyond.

Sample Technical Report Templates

Here are some excellent samples of technical report templates to write your following technical report.  Download this professionally designed technical report template in Word so that you can provide an explanation of a business operation in an organized manner.

When analyzing marketing, cost, or sales, a business needs a supplementary report to explain how the relevant marketing, cost, or sales data were obtained.

You can also easily outline your analysis methods of budget and other statistics with the help of this template with ease.

Online Courses To Learn Technical Report Writing Skills.

Follow are some of the best courses to learn technical report writing skills online offered by various universities, colleges, and individual experts.

#1. Technical Report Writing for Engineers

Offered By The University of Sheffield

Duration: 6 Weeks

Join for free

Offered By John Hopkins  Univesity

Duration: 5 Weeks

Join for free

Offered By Rice University

Duration: Approx. 4 months to complete

Join for free

Offered By Rice University

Duration: Approx. 4 Weeks

Join for free

#5. Professional Technical Writing: Advance Your Writing Skills

Offered By Ugur Akinci, Ph.D. 

Duration: Approx. 20 sections • 108 lectures • 16h 46m total length

Join now

#6. Technical Writing: Master Your Writing Career

Offered By Joseph Phillips, PMP, PMI-ACP, Project+, ITIL, PSM I, CTT+

Duration: Approx. 10 sections • 60 lectures • 5h 19m total length

Join now

#7. Writing Skills for University Success

Offered By the University of California (UCI), Irvine

Duration: Approx 7 hours to complete 

Join now

#8. Better Business Writing in English

#9. Interviewing and Resume Writing in English

#10. Communication Skills for Engineer

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