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Understanding Construction Change Directives (CCD)

Last Updated on June 18, 2024 by Admin

In the dynamic world of construction, changes are inevitable. Implementing changes swiftly and efficiently is crucial, whether due to unforeseen site conditions, design modifications, or regulatory requirements. This is where the construction change directive (CCD) comes into play. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the intricacies of CCDs, compare them with change orders, and provide insights into their forms and usage.


What is a Construction Change Directive?

A construction change directive (CCD) is a formal document issued by the project owner or the owner’s representative directing the contractor to make changes to the project. This directive allows changes to be implemented without the immediate agreement on the cost or time adjustments, ensuring that the project continues to progress without delays.

Key Features of a Construction Change Directive

  1. Immediate Implementation: The primary advantage of a CCD is that it allows for the immediate implementation of changes, avoiding potential project delays.
  2. Cost and Time Adjustments: While the directive is issued, the adjustments in cost and time are negotiated and agreed upon subsequently.
  3. Authority: Typically issued by the project owner or architect, CCDs provide the authority to proceed with changes promptly.

Construction Change Directive vs. Change Order

Understanding the difference between a construction change directive and a change order is essential for effective project management.


Construction Change Directive

  • Issued by: Project owner or representative.
  • Purpose: To initiate changes immediately without prior agreement on cost or time.
  • Agreement: Adjustments are negotiated after the directive is issued.
  • Flexibility: Provides flexibility to manage unforeseen changes without halting progress.

Change Order

  • Issued by: Agreement between the project owner and contractor.
  • Purpose: To formalize changes with agreed adjustments in cost and time.
  • Agreement: Requires mutual consent before implementation.
  • Formality: More formal and involves detailed documentation and approval.

Construction Change Directive Forms and Templates

Having the right forms and templates is crucial for efficient documentation and communication. Several organizations provide standardized forms to streamline the process.

Construction Change Directive Form

A construction change directive form typically includes:

  • Project details (name, location, owner, contractor).
  • Description of the change.
  • Reason for the change.
  • Instructions for implementation.
  • Signatures of authorized personnel.

Construction Change Directive PDF

Many organizations offer construction change directive PDF templates (download here)that can be downloaded, filled out, and shared digitally. This ensures that all changes are documented and easily accessible.

Construction Change Directive AIA

The American Institute of Architects (AIA) provides a widely recognized construction change directive form. The AIA G714-2017 form (check this post for details) is a standard template used across the industry, ensuring consistency and compliance with best practices.

Implementation of Construction Change Directives

Implementing a construction change directive involves several steps to ensure clarity and compliance:

  1. Issuance: The project owner or architect issues the CCD.
  2. Documentation: The change is documented using a standardized form.
  3. Communication: The directive is communicated to all relevant parties.
  4. Implementation: The contractor proceeds with the change.
  5. Negotiation: Cost and time adjustments are negotiated and formalized.

Construction Field Directive

A construction field directive is another term often used interchangeably with a CCD. It specifically refers to instructions given on-site to address immediate changes or issues.


Construction Field Directive Form

Similar to a CCD form, a construction field directive form includes project details, a description of the change, and implementation instructions. These forms are essential for maintaining clear records and accountability on the construction site.


Navigating changes in construction projects can be challenging, but understanding the role and function of a construction change directive can make the process more manageable. CCDs are crucial in keeping projects on track by allowing immediate implementation of changes and providing a framework for subsequent negotiations. Utilizing standardized forms, such as those provided by AIA, and understanding the differences between CCDs and change orders ensures that changes are managed efficiently and effectively.

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What does CCD mean in construction?

In construction, CCD stands for Construction Change Directive. It is a written order by the owner or the architect directing a change in the work before the agreement on the cost or time implications of the change. This directive allows the project to move forward while the details of the change are still being negotiated.

What is the difference between a change directive and an ASI?

A change directive (CCD) is a formal instruction that mandates a change in the scope of work with immediate effect, often used when there is no agreement on cost or time adjustments. An Architect’s Supplemental Instruction (ASI), however, is used to provide additional information and clarify plans without changing the scope or cost of the project.

What is directed change in construction?

Directed change in construction refers to a change in the scope of work that is mandated by a construction change directive. This type of change is directed by the owner or the architect and must be implemented immediately, even if the full implications of the change on the project’s budget or schedule are not yet agreed upon.

What is the difference between CCD and ASI in terms of impact on construction projects?

The main difference in impact between CCD and ASI on construction projects is that a CCD can alter the scope, cost, and duration of a project as it directly leads to changes in the work being done. An ASI, on the other hand, primarily serves to clarify or provide additional details on existing project plans without altering the fundamental aspects of the project.

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