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Metro Rail Connectivity in India
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An overview of Metro Rail Connectivity in India – 2019

Last Updated on April 16, 2021 by Admin

Ministry of Urban Development predicts an average city speed of 6 to 8 KMPH by 2030, which is the speed of a morning walker if urban transport is not properly planned and developed now.

The present transport facilities are incompetent to handle everyday demands. Gridlocks and congestion are routine now; they result in wastage of manpower, fossil fuels, increase pollution and act as dampeners to economic development. Metro rail connectivity is the solution to get rid of these problems.

The traffic noises force people to spend time on the road which they would otherwise spend with their friends and families. Further road development is very limited owing to geographical and demographical limitations. Therefore alternate modes of urban mass transport and multi-modal integration have to be planned.

Accessing jobs, education, livelihoods and other social needs from the outskirts into the business center of the city would become less time-consuming and quality of life will increase for the urban population.

The average citizen would get a reliable, safe, economical, comfortable, user-friendly and punctual mode of transport at affordable rates.

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Metro Rail  – Rapid Transit system in India:

There is currently 10 operational rapid transit (also called ‘metro’) systems in ten cities in India As of October 2018, India has 507 kilometers (315 miles) of operational metro lines and 381 stations. A further 500+ km of lines are under construction. Metro rail lines in India are composed mainly of the standard gauge.

Projects like the Kolkata Metro and Delhi Metro used the broad gauge for their earliest lines but all new projects in India are on the standard gauge as rolling stock imported is of standard gauge.

The first rapid transit system in India is Kolkata Metro, which started operations in 1984. The Delhi Metro has the largest network in the entire country. The newest metro opened in Hyderabad Metro on 29 November 2017.

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In 2006, the National Urban Transport Policy proposed the construction of a metro rail system in every city with a population of 20 lakh (2 million).

On 11 August 2014, Union Government announced that it would provide financial assistance, for the implementation of a metro rail system, to all Indian cities having a population of more than 1 million. In May 2015, the Union Government approved the Union Urban Development Ministry’s proposal to implement metro rail systems in 50 cities.

The majority of the planned projects will be implemented through special purpose vehicles, which will be established as 50:50 joint ventures between the Union and the respective State Government. The Union Government will invest an estimated ₹5 lakh crore (US$70 billion).

In a new draft policy unveiled in March 2017, the Central Government stated that it wanted state governments to consider metro rail as the “last option” and implement it only after considering all other possible mass rapid transit systems.

The decision was taken due to the high cost of constructing metro rail systems. In August 2017, the Union Government announced that it would not provide financial assistance to the new metro rail project unless some sort of private partnership is involved. In some of the cities, the construction work for phase II will be starting soon.

The following are some important facts about the home network.

  • Presently in 2018, the Metro rail is operating in 10 cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Chennai, Lucknow, Kochi, Hyderabad, Jaipur, and Gurgaon. Twelve more cities are going to see the arrival of the Metro in the near future. Private estimates show currently Metro projects of more than Rs 2 trillion are under approval in 15 cities.
  • India is amongst the 55 countries that have a Metro rail network. However, its share in the global rail network is currently limited to only three percent.
  • Kolkata was the first city to see the arrival of the Metro. Work on the country’s first Metro started in 1972 while operations have begun in 1984.
  • India’s first modern Metro network, The Delhi Metro has begun operations in 2002, is the fourth-largest Metro network in the world after Shanghai, Beijing, and London.
  • 15% commuters in Delhi use the Metro while the global average is 16 percent. In other cities, the Metro’s role as the main transporter has yet to gain significance.

The Indian cities currently functional metro rail as of 2019:

  1. Kolkata
  2. Delhi
  3. Chennai
  4. Bengaluru
  5. Hyderabad
  6. Jaipur
  7. Gurgaon
  8. Mumbai
  9. Nagpur
  10. Kochi
  11. Lucknow

1. Kolkata Metro Kolkata, West Bengal

Opening Date: 24-Oct-1984

No. of Lines: 1

No. Of Stations: 24

The first mass rapid transit /metro rail system in India and the 17th zone of the Indian Railways. Its First in India to have the Third rail for power supply and the first to use fully Made in India metro coaches by ICF & BEML, First metro in India to run underwater through tunnel line below Hooghly river.

2. Delhi Metro Delhi NCR, Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh

Opening Date: 24-Dec-02

No. of Lines: 8

No. Of Stations: 195

India’s first modern rapid transit/metro system. The Delhi Metro has been instrumental in ushering in a new era in the sphere of mass urban transportation in India. The swanky and modern Metro system introduced comfortable, air-conditioned and eco-friendly services for the first time in India and completely revolutionized the mass transportation scenario not only in the National Capital Region but the entire country.

Having constructed a massive network of 296 Km with 214 stations in record time, the DMRC today stands out as a shining example of how a mammoth technically complex infrastructure project can be completed before time and within budgeted cost by a Government agency.

The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited (DMRC) was registered on 3rd May 1995 under the Companies Act, 1956 with equal equity participation of the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD) and the Central Government to implement the dream of construction and operation of a world- class Mass Rapid Transport System (MRTS).

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3. Chennai Metro Rail Limited

Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Opening Date: 29-Jun-15

No. of Lines: 2

No. Of Stations: 26

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First metro rail in the country to connect two lines (blue & green) through loop line to run direct service from the airport to central even though had interchange station at Alandur. First metro in India for underground stations with sliding doors. First Metro service in India to use ALSTOM coaches. The Government of Tamil Nadu created a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for implementing the Chennai Metro Rail Project. This SPV named as “Chennai Metro Rail Limited” was incorporated on 03.12.2007 under the Companies Act. It has now been converted into a Joint Venture of Government of India and Government of Tamil Nadu with equal equity holding. It is functioning at the following address.

4. Namma Metro, Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited (BMRCL) Bengaluru, Karnataka

Opening Date: 20-Oct-11

No. of Lines: 2

No. Of Stations: 41

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First metro in southern India and also first to have the third rail for power supply in south India & to introduce Wi-Fi onboard trains.

Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation Limited (BMRCL), a joint venture of Government of India and Government of Karnataka is a Special Purpose Vehicle entrusted with the responsibility of implementation of Bangalore Metro Rail Project.

Bangalore Metro, christened as “Namma Metro”, not only adds to the beauty of Bangalore skyline but immensely adds to the comfort level of travel. Besides this, Namma Metro is a major environment-friendly addition to Bangalore City as it significantly contributes to the reduction of carbon emissions.

The project has an East-West corridor – 18.10 km long, starting from Baiyappanahalli in the East and terminating at Mysore Road terminal in the West and a 24.20 km North-South corridor commencing at Nagasandra in the North and terminating at Puttenahalli in the South. Phase-1 Project Length 42.30 km: work has been completed and fully operational from 17.06.2017.

This is the First Metro rail project in India commissioned with 750V DC Third Rail on Standard Guage.

5. Hyderabad Metro Rail (HMR) Hyderabad, Telangana

Opening Date: 29-nov.2017

No. of Lines: 3

No. Of Stations: 64

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India’s first metro to have CBTC and integrated telecommunications and supervision systems, i.e. driverless metro. Longest route length commissioned in the first phase among all metros(30☃☃km). It is a Public-Private Partnership with L&T.  Hyderabad Metro Rail (HMR) is the world’s largest Public-Private Partnership (PPP) project in the Metro rail sector. Metro rail and other forms of Mass Rapid Transport System (MRTS) are emerging as prominent infrastructure requirement offering a viable solution to the transportation woes that accompany urban expansion. Hyderabad Metro Rail (HMR) Project is an integrated urban transport development project with inter-modal connectivity and convenient skywalks that will mark the beginning of an era of seamless commuting across Hyderabad.

6. Jaipur Metro Jaipur, Rajasthan

Opening Date: 3-Jun-15

No. of Lines: 1

No. Of Stations: 9

Date of incorporation:-  01.01.2010

Date of Commencement of business:-  20.01.2010

Date of Commencement of Commercial operation (Phase 1A):- 03.06.2015

Double-story elevated road and Metro track project for the first time in the country.

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7. Rapid Metro Gurgaon, Haryana

Opening Date: 14-Nov-13

No. of Lines: 1

No. Of Stations: 11

India’s first fully privately financed metro, and the first metro system in the country to auction naming rights for its stations. Rapid Metro is a fully elevated rapid transit system for the commuters and citizens of Gurugram, Haryana.

This system provides a transport solution for areas in and around Cyber City, DLF Phase 2, DLF Phase 3, NH-8 & Golf Course Road up to Sector 55-56 Gurugram and provides connectivity to Delhi Metro from Sikanderpur Station. Our aim is to provide a stress-free, safe and comfortable journey to all our commuters in a pollution-free and eco-friendly manner. To execute the metro project IL&FS Rail Limited (IRL); formerly known as IERS; was founded in 2008.

8. Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. Mumbai, Maharashtra

Opening Date: 8-Jun-14

No. of Lines: 1

No. Of Stations: 12

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India’s first public-private partnership(PPP) metro system with the Reliance group. MML-3 is a 33.5 km long underground corridor running along Colaba-Bandra-SEEPZ. The length of the corridor is marked with 27 key stations out of which 26 will be underground and 1 in grade.

Mumbai Metro Line – 3 (MML – 3) is one of such key projects to improve the transportation scenario in the financial capital of India i.e. Mumbai. MML-3 project – a 33.5Km. the long corridor running along Colaba-Bandra-SEEPZ envisages decongesting the traffic situation in Greater Mumbai.

Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation Limited (MMRC) is the nodal agency responsible for the implementation of the Mumbai Metro Line–3(MML-3) project. It has been constituted as a JV of the Govt. of India(GOI) and the Government of Maharashtra(GOM) on 50:50 sharing basis.

9. Kochi Metro Kochi, Kerala

Opening Date: 17-Jun-2017

No. of Lines: 3

No. Of Stations: 16

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First Indian metro to go live with CBTC signaling. The first metro in India to have a QR code-based ticket instead of tokens. First metro to had fully made in India Alstom coaches. The first metro in India to have theme-based stations. the first government-owned company in India to formally appoint transgenders.

First Indian Public Transport Organisation in the country to adopt an open-data approach and to Provide transit data in General Transit Feed Specification (GTFS) format. Kochi metro has India’s first open-loop transit card (Kochi-1 card) for travel.

10. Lucknow Metro Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

Opening Date: 5-Sep-2017

No. of Lines: 2

No. Of Stations:8

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Lucknow is the capital of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. It is known for its rich cultural heritage. The present population of Lucknow city is more than 3 million. Being an important service and trading center, Lucknow continues to grow and attract a large number of people to the city.

The rapid growth of the city and the associated urban sprawl has accentuated the demand-supply mismatch amidst constrained public transport infrastructure.

The fastest built and commissioned the metro system in the world. Opened to the public on 5 September 2017. To implement the Lucknow Metro Rail Project, a special purpose vehicle (SPV),

Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC) was incorporated on 25.11.2013 under the Companies Act, 1956. The certificate of commencement of business was issued on 24.12.2013. This Company is jointly owned by GoI and GoUP. The authorized capital of the Company is Rs 2000 Cr.

The cities in which the metro rail is under construction:

1. Noida Metro Rail Corporation (NMRC) Noida, Uttar Pradesh

Opening Date: 1-Nov.2018

No. of Lines: 1

No. Of Stations: 22

Construction was started in late 2014. Noida & Greater Noida are the fastest growing towns in the National Capital Region. Noida & Greater Noida Authorities decided to have their own SPV in the name of Noida Metro Rail Corporation (NMRC) to facilitate mass transit & other urban transport in Noida & Greater Noida.

2. Nagpur Metro Nagpur, Maharashtra

Opening Date: 1-Mar-2019

No. of Lines: 2

No. Of Stations: 42

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Fastest built a metro in India to reach the trial stage, Trail run conducted on 30 September 2017. NMRCL Is a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) created for the smooth implementation and operations of the Nagpur Metro Rail Project and is a joint venture of Government of India & Government of Maharashtra, with 50:50 equity.

NMRCL shall be solely responsible for the successful and timely completion of the project & its operations subsequently. Nagpur Metro Rail Corporation Limited is Incorporated by Govt. of India- Ministry of Corporate Affairs on 18th February 2015.

3. Metro-Link Express for Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad (MEGA) Ahmedabad & Gandhinagar, Gujarat

Opening Date: 1-Jun2-2020

No. of Lines: 2

No. Of Stations: 32

Construction began on 15 March 2015.

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On 4th February 2010, a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) namely, Metro-Link Express for Gandhinagar & Ahmedabad (MEGA) Company Ltd. was incorporated by the Government of Gujarat to implement Metro Rail Project under the Companies Act, 1956. The company was restructured and with effect from 20th March 2015 the Company has been converted as a 50: 50 SPV of Government of India and Government of Gujarat.

The total length of the Ahmedabad Metro Rail Project Phase-I is about 39.259 km out of which approximately 6 KM is underground and rest is elevated section. The project will connect 4 corners of the Ahmedabad city with 2 corridors and 32 stations.

4. Pune Metro Pune, Maharashtra

Opening Date: 1-June-2022

No. of Lines: 2

No. Of Stations: 30

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Pune Metro project has been undertaken by MAHA Metro, an SPV (Special Purpose Vehicle) of Government of India and Government of Maharashtra. The project intends to develop world-class stations and surrounding areas to showcase the rich cultural heritage, journey of various social reformation that started from the city. Construction began in May. 30% work completed as of June 2018.

5. Navi Mumbai Metro Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra

Opening Date: 1-Apr-2020

No. of Lines: 1

No. Of Stations: 20

The Navi Mumbai Metro is a rapid transit system under construction in the Indian city of Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra. The planning and construction of the Navi Mumbai Metro are being overseen by the City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO). The system is planned to consist of three rail lines covering a total distance of 106.4 kilometers(66.1 mi).

The foundation stone for the project was laid on 1 May 2011; following construction delays, the metro’s first line is projected to open in 2020. The metro’s technological infrastructure and rolling stock are being provided by Ansaldo STS, Tata Projects and CSR Zhuzhou.

The cities in which the metro rail system is planned to be constructed in the coming future:

  • Kanpur (Likely by 2021)
  • Visakhapatnam (By 2021)
  • Surat (By 2022)
  • Guwahati (By 2022)
  • Patna (By 2022)
  • Kanpur (By 2022)
  • Coimbatore (By 2023)
  • Thiruvananthapuram (By 2025)
  • Indore (By 2025)
  • Varanasi (By 2025)

1. Kanpur Metro Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh

Opening Date: TBD

No. of Lines: 2

No. Of Stations: 24

The Kanpur Metro is a proposed fast travel framework in the city of Kanpur, India. The plausibility investigation of the venture is progressing by RITES and should be finished by June 2015. Kanpur Metro Rail is prone to be finished around 2020 (stage 1) if began in 2016. Kanpur is the biggest city in Uttar Pradesh took after by Lucknow and Ghaziabad.

This is the biggest mechanical town took after by Ghaziabad in the state. The plausibility investigation of metro rail in Kanpur has been readied to control the activity troubles and blockage which are hampering the development, improvement and flourishing of the City.

The proposed Metro Rail course incorporates IIT, Rawatpur, Bada Chauraha, Moti mahal, Kanpur Central, ISBT Jhakarkatti and Naubasta. By arrangement, the metro course would start from IIT Kalyanpur-Rawatpur, Mall Road, Phoolbagh, Kanpur Central Station, and transport terminal of Jhakarkati-Kidwai Nagar – by means of Transport Nagar intersection to Naubasta.On this highway, a 17 km track would be hoisted and left 8 km would be underground.

From IIT to Harsh Nagar, the course should be lifted and from Chunniganj to ISBT Jhakarkatti by means of Parade, Bada Chauraha and Central Station the course will be underground. From Transport Nagar to Naubasta the track will be hoisted. DPR approved by the state cabinet on 17 January 2018.

2. Visakhapatnam Metro, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh

Govt. to take up the project under the PPP model, RFP invited and Tender may be awarded before June -2018. DPR prepared and to be submitted.

3. Surat Metro Surat, Gujarat

The Rs21,600 crore metro rail project is expected to be launched in the first half of 2019 and completed in four years, with as many as four elevated stations to be made under public-private partnership (PPP) basis. Construction expected to begin in mid-2019.

4. Patna Metro Patna, Bihar

Opening Date: 2024

No. of Lines: 2

No. Of Stations: 24

Work on the Patna Metro is expected to begin in 2019.

5. Indore Metro Indore, Madhya Pradesh

Opening Date: 2024

No. of Lines: 1

No. Of Stations: 30

DPR approved by Union Cabinet.

6. Bhopal Metro Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh

Opening Date: 2024

No. of Lines: 2

No. Of Stations: 30

DPR approved by Union Cabinet.

7. Agra Metro Agra, Uttar Pradesh

Opening Date: 2024

DPR approved by the state cabinet on 17 January 2018.

8. Meerut Metro Meerut, Uttar Pradesh

Opening Date: 2024

DPR approved by the state cabinet on 17 January 2018.

9. Varanasi Metro Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Opening Date: 2024

DPR approved by the state cabinet.

10 Coimbatore Metro Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu

Opening Date: 2022

No. of Lines: 3

No. Of Stations: 24

DPR being prepared.

11. Kozhikode Light Metro Kozhikode, Kerala

DPR prepared by DMRC; awaiting state cabinet approval.

12. Thiruvananthapuram Light Metro Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala

DPR approved and submitted by DMRC in November 2017; awaiting state cabinet approval.

13. Dehradun Metro, Dehradun – Rishikesh – Haridwar, Uttarakhand

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DPR being prepared.

14. Guwahati Metro, Guwahati, Assam

DPR approved by the state cabinet

15. Greater Nashik Metro, Nashik, Maharashtra

A proposed metro line which will connect Igatpuri, Deolali, Nashik Road, Nashik central and Ozar Airport.

16. Greater Gwalior Metro, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh

17. Jabalpur Metro Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh

Subject to a feasibility study.

18. Srinagar Metro Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir

19. Bareilly Metro, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh

20 Ludhiana Metro, Ludhiana, Punjab

21. Allahabad Metro, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh

22. Ranchi Metro, Ranchi, Jharkhand

23. Chandigarh Metro, Chandigarh Tricity, Punjab

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