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Civil Engineering A Rewarding Career Option
Civil engineering, the most demanding and very much lucrative career option. We have tried to answers most of the questions to choose civil engineering as a career option. Find here all the information you want to know about civil engineering to take an informed decision for opting civil engineering as a career option.
This article is about the civil engineering career option in India after 10th and 12th std and how to make your career in civil engineering? you can find here the complete information to become a successful civil engineer. Find the right answers for civil engineering as a career option after 10th and 12th std. in India.
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What is Civil Engineering?
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.
Civil engineering is traditionally broken into a number of sub-disciplines. It is the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.
A civil engineering degree prepares you for work in the construction industry as well as in the business, management, and financial sectors. We have made an effort to provide all the information about civil engineering as a career option after 10th and 12th std.
A lot of parent and students are wondering about the best career options after their 10th and 12th, what to do next? which career is lucrative? We suggest here to go for civil engineering courses after ones 10th or 12th std.
Civil Engineering is one of the broadest and oldest of the engineering disciplines, extending across many technical specialties. Civil Engineers plan, design, and supervise the construction of facilities essential to modern life like space satellites and launching facilities, offshore structures, bridges, buildings, tunnels, highways, transit systems, dams, airports, harbors, water supply system and wastewater treatment plants.
A civil engineer is responsible for planning and designing a project, constructing the project to the required scale, and maintenance of the project. A civil engineer requires not only a high standard of engineering knowledge but also supervisory and administrative skills.
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Types of civil engineering Projects
Civil engineering is concerned with bridges, dams, roads, buildings, Metro rails, etc. This is actually the type of engineering that takes place in almost all levels; from the private sectors to national governments. There are several types of civil engineering which include:
Structural engineering incorporates the analysis and designing of various structures, for example, the bridges and buildings. The main aim is to establish and ascertain whether these structures can be able to withstand the different types of environmental factors, such as typhoons, high winds, and even earthquakes. Structural engineering is done by the structural engineers who have to be well informed in the behavior and properties of the different kinds of materials that are used in the construction.
Geotechnical engineering mainly depends on science and technology in creating projects and providing solutions to the problems that relate to geology. The construction projects incorporate pipelines, tunnels, levees, mines, structural foundation, stable slopes, and embankments. The geotechnical engineer must possess the capability of understanding the soil conditions in absolutely all these types of scenarios because projects are bound to fail if the soil is not suitable. This type of engineering normally uses the rock and soil mechanics principles to assess the risks that the site conditions may have.
Environmental engineering makes an analysis of the problems especially the environmental ones and strives to generate a solution to the problems. It puts together the study of mathematics, environmental science, biology, atmospheric science, engineering technology, chemistry and hydrology. The tasks carried out by the environmental engineers include improving the quality of water and air, locating underground water sources and treating, management of solid waste and treating both the hazardous and non-hazardous substances.
Water Resources Engineering
Water resources engineering is aimed at improving quantity and the quality of the water sources and water. Meteorology, environmental science, fluid dynamics and hydrology all play a very crucial role in water resources engineering. The water resources engineers concentrate on stormwater and food analysis, groundwater remediation, wetland protection, wastewater treatment, and water supply planning.
Each of the civil engineering projects has to incorporate construction. Construction engineers, therefore, manage tasks such as the erection of structures, digging of tunnels, construction of roads and building of the treatment plants. A construction engineer, therefore, provides the required support to the project managers and play a very crucial role in coming up with the scopes, designs and even the cost estimates for the planning and consequently the construction of the projects that have been approved. Although many skills are required for this type of engineering, skills in math and science are the most important.
Transportation engineering involves the process of designing, construction, and maintenance of railways, highways, ports and the airfields. Transportation engineers research and improves traffic controls as well as coming up with new ways of transportation, in an effort to ameliorate mass transportation. Simply put, transportation engineering aims at providing efficient, safe, comfortable, rapid, economical convenient and a movement of goods and people in such a manner that is much compatible with the environment.
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What does a Civil Engineer do?
Duties of Civil Engineers
Civil engineers typically perform the following duties;
- Civil engineers are involved in the design and building of highways, bridges and tunnels, schools, hospitals, airports and other buildings, sewage systems and water treatment facilities.
- Civil engineers also help to preserve our environment by assisting in the cleaning up of existing pollution and planning ways to reduce future pollution of our air, land, and water.
- Civil engineers help plan and supervise a variety of projects involving construction, water systems, and roads.
- Most structures, large and small, require the help of a civil engineer whether in the designing, planning or managing of the project.
- Civil engineers are responsible for planning and creating building projects, such as water systems, tunnels, bridges, and other public works projects. During the design phases of a project, engineers calculate the load requirements and weather conditions that the completed structure needs to withstand. They then usually consult with the builders to ensure that the project is constructed safely and successfully.
- The civil engineering field offers a variety of professional and educational opportunities.
- Civil engineers conceive, design, build, supervise, operate, construct and maintain infrastructure projects and systems in the public and private sector, including roads, buildings, airports, tunnels, dams, bridges, and systems for water supply and sewage treatment.
- Many civil engineers work in planning, design, construction, research, and education.
- Analyze long-range plans, survey reports, maps, and other data to plan and design projects
- Consider construction costs, government regulations, potential environmental hazards, and other factors during the planning and risk-analysis stages of a project
- Compile and submit permit applications to local, state, and federal agencies, verifying that projects comply with various regulations
- Oversee and analyze the results of soil testing to determine the adequacy and strength of foundations
- Analyze the results of tests on building materials, such as concrete, wood, asphalt, or steel, for use in particular projects
- Prepare cost estimates for materials, equipment, or labor to determine a project’s economic feasibility
- Use design software to plan and design transportation systems, hydraulic systems, and structures in line with industry and government standards
- Perform or oversee surveying operations to establish building locations, site layouts, reference points, grades, and elevations to guide construction
- Manage the repair, maintenance, and replacement of public and private infrastructure
- This field requires strong mathematical and communications skills.
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How to become a Civil Engineer?
Civil engineering courses
To become a civil engineer, the following are the options available to study civil engineering courses in India.
Civil Engineering Diploma Course
Most entry-level civil engineering positions require a bachelor’s degree. In India to peruse a career as a civil engineer one should start his career journey directly after his 10th standard (SSC) by applying for the three years diploma course in civil engineering, there are thousands of polytechnic institutes in India offering various specialized diploma courses. To know the state wise polytechnic institutes lists offering AICTE approved civil engineering diploma courses click here.
Most of the candidates opt for jobs after completing their diploma courses and there is also a good demand in India to start a career in civil engineering from diploma course, as most of the companies provide them career opportunities at entry level position.
After gaining a good industry experience a lot of diploma engineers are also earning good salaries. All it depends on one’s choice and his/her family and financial obligations. Most of the successful civil engineer or construction professions have started their career from being a diploma holder and after gaining good hands-on experience and other essentials paper qualifications these people are now handling multi-million dollar projects.
Bachelors Degree in Civil Engineering
B.E. and B.Tech course is four years of full-time degree courses, and in most of the reputed and renowned institutes, students can also get a job offer in the third or final year of their engineering course through the campus placement programs by various construction, real estate, infrastructure, projects and from even an oil and gas companies.
One can opt for a bachelor degree program in BE or B.Tech from anywhere in India offered by various government and private engineering colleges. You can get direct admission in Civil engineering degree course after 12th Standard (HSSC) at various engineering colleges across India. In India degree courses in civil engineering and allied courses are offered by almost all the prestigious IITs, NIT, and similar reputed institutes.
After completing a polytechnic diploma, which is of three years duration candidates can opt for a degree course in civil engineering, the duration of this degree program is only 3 years, means diploma students can direly get admission in the second year of Engineering / Technology courses.
At present, there are thousands of engineering colleges and institutes offering a four-year full-time degree in various branches of Engineering and Technology in India. Click here to know the list the UGC and AICTE approved engineering and technology colleges offering civil engineering degree courses in BE and B.Tech.
Post-Graduate Courses in Civil Engineering
After the bachelor’s degree courses in civil engineering, one can also opt for the two years full-time post-graduate master degree programs in various specializations of civil engineering. Following are the major areas of specializations in civil engineering.
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- Environmental Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering
- Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering
- Infrastructure Engineering and Management
- Structural Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Water Resources Engineering
- Ocean Engineering
- Remote Sensing
- Construction Technology And Management
- Building Technology and Construction Management (BTCM)
- Environmental and Water Resources Engineering (EWRE)
- Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
- Rock Engineering and Underground Structures
- Environmental Engineering and Management
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List of the subject in Civil Engineering
To become a civil engineer one needs to study at least 40 subjects in four years of duration of the course, the main subjects included in the civil engineering syllabus are;
- Structural Mechanics
- Building Construction Materials
- Building and Town Planning
- Concrete Technology
- Economics for Engineers
- Geology and Geotechnical Engineering
- Building Construction
- Fluid Mechanics
- Design of Structures
- Water Resources and Irrigation
- Environmental Engineering
- Transportation Engineering
- Advanced Construction
- Foundation Engineering
- Law for Engineers
- Construction and Project Management
Those looking for supervisory or research positions can continue their education at a graduate program. A master’s degree in civil engineering can help students develop the management skills needed to oversee interdisciplinary projects.
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What is the future of a Civil Engineering graduate?
Market demand for Civil Engineers
Civil engineering has historically been and looks set to continue to be, one of the most in-demand engineering posts around the world. They literally build the very infrastructure around us, and this is unlikely to change in the future.
According to the U.S. Department of Labor, civil engineering jobs are set to increase by 10% by 2026. and also RICS (Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors) predicts a demand-supply gap of 44 million crore civil engineering professionals in India by 2020.
Civil engineering is something of an umbrella term and is unlikely to become saturated in the near future. Sub categories of civil engineering include things like structural engineering, environmental engineering, road/highway engineering, and transportation engineering.
A plethora of opportunities awaits skilled professionals from civil engineering in the future and the scope of civil engineering is huge.
With the booming population and increased demands of sustainable infrastructure in the form of high-end road and railway network, better water supply arrangements and, concept buildings, the right skill set can take you to new highs in your civil engineering career.
In addition, this fast-growing potential is why this job is called ‘evergreen’. Students enrolling for admission in Civil Engineering in 2019 can prepare and train themselves with the right skill set to be instantly employed into high-end national and international projects.
A person after the required qualification can also go abroad to work in multinational companies such as MNCs in USA, Singapore, UAE where they can find technologically advanced learning and experience. The salary expectations after degree vary from institutes to job locations and also depends on the skills of the individual.
Job Prospects for Civil Engineers
Civil engineers are employed in all the major construction projects carried out by the state or central government like the public works departments (PWD), In Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs), the railways and military and other various government engineering departments. Civil Engineers are mostly required in private construction and real estate companies for various job profiles.
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Civil Engineer Salary
The average salary tends to start at around $64, 890 per year and rise to around $96,000 for later career incomes. ( Source: Payscale)
The average salary of a Civil Engineer at entry-level in India is The average pay for a Civil Engineer is Rs 308,163 per year and rise to around 12-18 lakhs per year. ( Source: Payscale)
Various Job profiles In Civil Engineering
Civil engineers can choose to focus on several specific types of projects. For example, you could work on construction projects, help write building codes, or serve as a project leader. A civil engineering degree prepares you for work in the construction industry as well as in the business, management, and financial sectors. Civil Engineers can find opportunities in any of the following Job category or Job profiles.
- Site Engineer
- Planning Engineer
- Billing Engineer
- Cost & Estimation Engineer
- Building control surveyor
- Building services engineer
- Engineering geologist
- Quantity surveyor
- Structural engineer
- Water engineer
- Construction Engineer
- Civil Project Engineer
- Consulting civil engineer
- Contracting civil engineer
- Design engineer
- Nuclear engineer
- Construction manager
- Engineering geologist
- Environmental consultant
- Sustainability consultant and many others…
Transferable skills gained in a civil engineering course, include
- Creative approach to problem-solving
- Critical thinking skills
- Ability to interpret data
- Numeracy, IT and communication skills
- Analytical and decision-making abilities
- An awareness of ethical issues.
Civil engineers also must present their findings to the public on topics such as bid proposals, environmental impact statements, or property descriptions.
The brief job description of few job profiles in Civil Engineering
Construction engineers manage construction projects, ensuring that they are scheduled and built in accordance with plans and specifications. These engineers typically are responsible for the design and safety of temporary structures used during construction. They may also oversee budgetary, time-management, and communications aspects of a project.
Geotechnical engineers work to make sure that foundations for built objects ranging from streets and buildings to runways and dams are solid. They focus on how structures built by civil engineers, such as buildings and tunnels, interact with the earth (including soil and rock). In addition, they design and plan for slopes, retaining walls, and tunnels.
Structural engineers design and assess major projects, such as buildings, bridges, or dams, to ensure their strength and durability.
Transportation engineers plan, design, operate and maintain everyday systems, such as streets and highways, but they also plan larger projects, such as airports, ship ports, mass transit systems, and harbors.
Civil engineers work in a variety of locations and conditions. When working on designs, civil engineers may spend most of their time indoors in offices. However, construction engineers may spend much of their time outdoors at construction sites monitoring operations or solving onsite problems. Some jobs may require frequent relocation to different areas and offices in job site trailers.
Civil engineers who function as project managers may work from cars or trucks as they move from site to site. Many civil engineers work for government agencies in government office buildings or facilities. Occasionally, civil engineers travel abroad to work on large engineering projects in other countries.
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Important Qualities for Civil Engineers
Decisionmaking skills. Civil engineers often balance multiple and frequently conflicting objectives, such as determining the feasibility of plans with regard to financial costs and safety concerns. Urban and regional planners often look to civil engineers for advice on these issues. Civil engineers must be able to make good decisions based on best practices, their own technical knowledge, and their own experience.
Leadership skills. Civil engineers take ultimate responsibility for the projects that they manage or research that they perform. Therefore, they must be able to lead planners, surveyors, construction managers, civil engineering technicians, civil engineering technologists, and others in implementing their project plan.
Math skills. Civil engineers use the principles of calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced topics in mathematics for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.
Organizational skills. Only licensed civil engineers can sign design documents for infrastructure projects. This requirement makes it imperative that civil engineers be able to monitor and evaluate the work at the job site as a project progresses. That way, they can ensure compliance with the design documents. Civil engineers also often manage several projects at the same time, and thus must be able to balance time needs and to effectively allocate resources.
Problem-solving skills. Civil engineers work at the highest level of the planning, design, construction, and operation of multifaceted projects or research. The many variables involved require that they possess the ability to identify and evaluate complex problems. They must be able to then use their skill and training to develop cost-effective, safe, and efficient solutions.
Speaking skills. Civil engineers must present reports and plans to audiences of people with a wide range of backgrounds and technical knowledge. This requires the ability to speak clearly and to converse with people in various settings and to translate engineering and scientific information into easy-to-understand concepts.
Writing skills. Civil engineers must be able to communicate with others, such as architects, landscape architects, urban and regional planners. They also must be able to explain projects to elected officials and citizens. Civil engineers must be able to write reports that are clear, concise, and understandable to those with little or no technical or scientific background.
After reading this in-depth article you can easily take the decision whether civil engineering would be a better career option for you or not? We recommend for the entrants’ career aspirant to go for the civil engineering career, as there is and will always be the demand for the skilled civil engineers and construction professional forever.