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There is a lot of information available all over the internet on a civil engineering topic. Also, you can read all about civil engineering as a subject from the books well written and crafted by legendary authors and technocrats. We have tried here to give you the highlights of the mother branch of all engineering.
What is Civil Engineering?
Civil engineering is also called ‘Mother of Engineering’. Earlier there used to be only two types of engineering, one is Military engineering for the army purpose, and another Civil engineering for civil purposes. All the other branches such as Mechanical, Electrical have been originated from military engineering, and go on to become independent fields, while civil engineering remains civil engineering. Civil engineering is arguably the oldest engineering discipline. It deals with the built environment and can be recorded to the first time someone placed a roof over his or her head.
Why civil engineering is a good career?
Civil engineers are committed in the design and building of highways, plumbing design, transportation systems, bridges, and tunnels. They also perform services for schools, hospitals, airports, and other buildings, sewage systems and water treatment facilities and material science. Most structures, large and small, require the help of a civil engineer whether in the designing, planning or managing of the project.
Skills Needed for a Job in Civil Engineering
- Management Skills.
- Analytical Thinking.Technical Skill
- Communication Skills
- Critical Thinking
- Leadership Skills
- Creative Mind
- Being Able to Negotiate.
- Attention to Detail
- Good Time Managemen
- Problem Solving
- Being able to Visualize
- Passion for Learning
- Enthusiasm and Commitment
While soft skills like leadership and communication are critical to civil engineering, civil engineers also require hard skills, particularly technical skills. They must be skilled in math and physics, as well as map reading, design techniques, and computer-aided design (CAD) software.
Role Of A Civil Engineer:
The role of a civil engineer could be quite complex, so you should know about it before you try to become one. In some places, civil engineering is also known as construction engineering or structural engineering. There are several interesting things about civil engineering, which you will get to know with experience. Here we list some of the things you might be focusing on as you work:
- Tunnels and bridges.
- Fire stations.
- Ports and harbors.
- Drainage and flood barriers.
Civil Engineer Salary:
A civil engineering graduate, you could earn an average salary of $78,783 per year in the USA. In India, a fresh Civil Engineer graduates could earn an average salary of Rs 3, 25,204 per year. As you earn experience, you will earn more. Experience strongly influences pay for this job, the figures are only a guideline to help you. The highest paying skills associated with this job are Microsoft Project, Project Management, Engineering Design, and Project control.
Employment of civil engineers is projected to grow 20 percent from 2015 to 2022, which is also much faster than the average for all occupations. As infrastructure ages, civil engineers will be needed to manage projects to rebuild bridges, repair roads, and upgrade levees and dams.
What does a Civil Engineer do?
- Civil engineers are involved in the design and building of highways, bridges and tunnels, schools, hospitals and airports. They are also involved in the construction of buildings, sewage systems, and water treatment facilities and water resources engineering.
- Most structures, large and small, require the help of a civil engineer whether in the designing, planning or managing the project, design construction, engineers plan, dams airports
- Civil engineers help to preserve our environment by assisting in the cleaning up of existing pollution and taking measures to reduce future pollution.
- Civil Engineers perform engineering duties in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures. Is also performs in facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines, power plants, and water and sewage systems.
What is the future for a Civil Engineering graduate?
Civil engineers are employed in all the major construction projects carried out by the state or central government like the public works departments (PWD), the railways and military. They are mostly required in private construction and real estate companies as project engineers. They can find opportunities in any of the following categories. To get into civil engineer job you need no work experience or little work experience as a fresher.
Jobs where your civil engineering degree would be useful include:
- Building services engineer
- Engineering geologist
- geotechnical engineers
- Quantity surveyor
- project engineer
- Transportation engineers
- Environmental engineers
- Site engineer
- Planning Engineer
- Billing Engineer
- Estimation/costing Engineer
- Sales Engineer
- Specification engineer
- Structural engineers
- Water supply engineer
Important Qualities for Civil Engineers:
- Decision-making skills.
- Leadership skills.
- Math skills.
- Organizational skills.
- Problem-solving skills.
- Speaking skills.
- Writing skills.
- Decision making.
- Project management.
- Mathematics, Science, Computer knowledge and Design skills.
If you think you have the above-mentioned skills, then you need to get trained to be a civil engineer.
One needs to study B.Tech or B.E, a fours years full-time degree in civil engineering course recognized by AICTE and UGC in India to become a civil engineer.
You must focus on at least 40 different civil engineering subjects the more emphasis should be on;
If your education is over, you may need to take some technical job oriented courses and tests. One could even do civil engineering software to make an entry in this field. Usually, to land a job as a civil engineer a bachelor degree is needed. Also, consider doing these courses outside your favorite field to get versatile.
Specializations: Specializing in something in the industry helps you to work in an area of your interest. Make sure you know all of your options and choose wisely.
Get an Internship: While in education, you might take the chance of earning an internship, so research the type of company you’d like to work for and apply. Such experiences will help, and your resume will get some boost.
Examinations: To get an entry into this field, and become a civil engineer you must take some examinations. You must qualify engineering entrance exams at the national level or state levels.
Join a Professional Organisation: Once qualified as a civil engineer, you must join a professional organization in your place. This will keep you updated with news in the industry, and give you an opportunity to network.
So start with a training program and get on your way to become a successful civil engineer. In summary, Civil engineering would be a good career choice. Any basic engineering field is good for your career at all times. Specifically, civil engineering also has the advantage of getting a government job in almost every sector.